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What  Wikipedia / Google Says
About ‘Coronavirus Covid-19 Pandemic‘ ? :
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
 
Most people who fall sick with COVID-19 will experience mild to moderate symptoms and recover without special treatment.
 
 
HOW IT SPREADS
 
The virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or exhales. These droplets are too heavy to hang in the air, and quickly fall on floors or surfaces.
 
You can be infected by breathing in the virus if you are within close proximity of someone who has COVID-19, or by touching a contaminated surface and then your eyes, nose or mouth.

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Dec. 10 Coronavirus updates: Weekly initial jobless claims surge to 853,000

Rachel Bluth, Kaiser Health News and Phil Galewitz, Kaiser Health News

10d ago / 10:32 AM UTC

Farmworkers, firefighters and flight attendants jockey for vaccine priority

With front-line health workers and nursing home residents and staff members expected to get the initial doses of Covid-19 vaccines, the thornier question is figuring out who goes next.

The answer will likely depend on where you live.

While an influential federal advisory board is expected to make its recommendations this month, state health departments and governors will make the calls on who gets access to a limited number of vaccines this winter.

As a result, it has been a free-for-all in recent weeks as manufacturers, grocers, bank tellers, dentists and drive-share companies all jostle to get spots near the front of the line.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices voted 13-1 this month to give first vaccination priority to health care workers and residents of long-term care facilities after one or more Covid-19 vaccines are approved for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration. The advisory committee is expected to provide further details of its list of prioritized recipients before year’s end.

Its next recommendations are likely to focus on prioritizing people who keep society functioning, like workers in food and agriculture, public safety and education. Older people and those with chronic diseases are also considered to be high on the list.

Read full story here.

Reuters

9d ago / 11:24 AM UTC

Sanofi and GSK delay Covid-19 vaccine, marking setback for global fight

Sanofi and GlaxoSmithKline said clinical trials of their Covid-19 vaccine showed an insufficient immune response in older people, delaying its launch to late next year and marking a setback in the global fight against the pandemic.

The announcement on Friday, which highlighted the challenges of developing shots at record speed, hinders efforts to develop the multiple options that experts say the world needs to counter a disease that has killed over 1.5 million people.

The news, which came on the same day as Australia axed a domestic vaccine project, is also a blow for many governments that have booked hundreds of millions of doses of the shot, including the European Union, United States and Britain.

The two companies said they planned to start another study next February, hoping to come up with a more effective vaccine by the end of 2021.

The setback affects one of the most established technologies in vaccines — used against the human papillomavirus, hepatitis B and pertussis among other pathogens — which aims to introduce lab-made proteins into the body to prod the immune system into developing a targeted defense against the novel coronavirus.

It cements the lead of more novel approaches used by vaccines from the likes of Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, which use mRNA genetic technology to trick the body into producing those proteins. Both of those shots were found to be about 95 percent effective in successful large-scale trials.

Reuters

10d ago / 6:41 AM UTC

Pope’s Christmas midnight Mass to shift earlier because of curfew

ROME — Pope Francis will celebrate Midnight Mass at 7:30 p.m. this year to comply with Italy’s anti-coronavirus curfew.

He’ll also deliver his Christmas Day blessing indoors to prevent crowds from forming in St. Peter’s Square.

The Dec. 24 Mass has for years been celebrated not at midnight but at 9:30 p.m. to spare pontiffs from the late hour. But this year it will be bumped up two hours earlier, according to the pope’s Christmas liturgical schedule released Thursday by the Vatican.

Italy has imposed a 10 p.m. nationwide curfew, restaurant closures and other restrictions to cut down on crowds forming after a surge in coronavirus cases and deaths this fall.

Francis will celebrate New Year’s Eve vespers and New Year’s Day Mass in the basilica. None of the services will be open to the public.

10d ago / 6:30 AM UTC

Marvel comic book honors superhero nurses saving lives

Phil Helsel

10d ago / 6:14 AM UTC

3,110 Covid deaths reported across the U.S. on Thursday

The United States on Thursday broke another single-day record for Covid-19 cases and deaths, according to NBC News’ count.

Nearly 230,000 new infections and 3,110 deaths were reported.  

It was the eighth day in December that saw more than 200,000 new cases; the first was Dec. 2. There have been only two days so far this month in which daily reported cases did not break that threshold.

The new record for deaths came just one day after the previous was set. On Wednesday, 3,102 deaths were reported, according to NBC News’ count.

Overall, the U.S. has seen more than 15.6 million cases of Covid-19, and more than 292,900 people have died.

10d ago / 4:50 AM UTC

Delaware adopts new rules as cases surge

Phil Helsel

10d ago / 4:21 AM UTC

Miami to enforce nightly curfew

Miami’s city commission on Thursday voted to enforce a county curfew that lasts from midnight to 6 a.m., starting this weekend.

“The Miami Police Department will be enforcing the curfew and violators — whether individuals or business establishments — are subject to fines and other enforcement actions,” the city said in a statement.

City Commissioner Joe Carollo introduced the resolution to resume enforcement after a personal warning from a health system CEO that hospitals could soon be overwhelmed with Covid-19 cases, NBC Miami reported. In October, the city commission had voted to stop enforcing the county’s curfew, so Thursday’s vote means it will again begin doing so.

 

10d ago / 2:40 AM UTC

The Associated Press

10d ago / 2:06 AM UTC

Texas county gets trucks to hold bodies amid surge

FORT WORTH, Texas  — A North Texas medical examiner’s office has brought in two refrigerated trucks to store dead bodies in response to low capacity amid a surge in coronavirus cases.

Many of the hospitals and larger funeral homes in the Fort Worth area have reached their storage capacity or will soon, said Nizam Peerwani, Tarrant County’s chief medical examiner.

The Tarrant County Medical Examiner’s Office, which has a capacity normally of 100 bodies, said each truck can store 50 bodies.

Officials expect to start using the trucks in the next few days.

10d ago / 1:22 AM UTC

Duke men’s basketball cancels remaining nonconference games

The Associated Press

10d ago / 1:11 AM UTC

World carbon dioxide emissions drop 7% in pandemic-hit 2020

A locked-down, pandemic-struck world cut its carbon dioxide emissions this year by 7 percent, the biggest drop ever, new preliminary figures show.

The Global Carbon Project, an authoritative group of dozens of international scientists who track emissions, calculated that the world will have put 37 billion U.S. tons of carbon dioxide in the air in 2020. That’s down from 40.1 billion tons in 2019, according to a study published Thursday in the journal Earth System Science Data.

Scientists say this drop is chiefly because people are staying home, traveling less by car and plane, and that emissions are expected to jump back up after the pandemic ends. Ground transportation makes up about one-fifth of emissions of carbon dioxide, the chief man-made heat-trapping gas.

Emissions dropped 12 percent in the United States and 11 percent in Europe but only 1.7 percent in China.


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Dec. 10 Coronavirus updates: Weekly initial jobless claims surge to 853,000

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Coronavirus updates: CDC advisory committee recommends Moderna vaccine; UK imposes tough lockdowns due to possible new strain

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Vice President Mike Pence received the COVID-19 vaccine on December 18. USA TODAY

USA TODAY is keeping track of the news surrounding COVID-19 as vaccines begin to roll out nationwide. Just this week, the U.S. marked the stark milestone of more than 17 million cases and 300,000 deaths since the beginning of the pandemic. Keep refreshing this page for the latest updates on vaccine distribution, including who is getting the shots and where, as well as other COVID-19 news from across the USA TODAY Network. Sign up for our Coronavirus Watch newsletter for updates directly to your inbox, join our Facebook group or scroll through our in-depth answers to reader questions for everything you need to know about the coronavirus.

In the headlines:

► Distribution of Moderna’s newly-authorized vaccine began Saturday and will arrive to states Monday, said Gen. Gustave Perna, chief operating officer of Operation Warp Speed. Meanwhile, the U.S. government is on track to deliver 20 million doses of both vaccines to states by the first week of January. 

► Tennessee’s First Lady Maria Lee has tested positive for COVID-19, according to Gov. Bill Lee’s office. Maria Lee learned of the positive test result Saturday afternoon after she “began exhibiting mild symptoms of COVID-19,” according to a statement from the governor.

► Stimulus talks stalled Saturday. As the hours ticked down towards another government shutdown deadline, senators deadlocked over Republicans’ insistence a provision ending certain emergency Federal Reserve powers be included in the bill.

► States this week found themselves scrambling to adjust as they received word they would get between 20% and 40% less vaccine next week than they had been told as late as Dec. 9. After days of confusion, the source of the problem was finally clarified Friday night: States were given estimates based on vaccine doses produced, not those that had been OK’d.

► A U.S. college student and her boyfriend have been sentenced to four months in prison in the Cayman Islands for violating strict COVID-19 measures.

► Santa Claus may be immune to COVID-19 but he now has an extra layer of protection thanks to Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s leading infectious disease expert. Fauci told children watching a ‘Sesame Street’ town hall put on by CNN Saturday that he vaccinated Kris Kringle himself.

► Minnesota State Sen. Jerry Relph, who represented the city of St. Cloud, died Thursday. He tested positive for the coronavirus on Nov. 13, but his cause of death is unknown at this time.

► The U.K. is imposing stricter lockdowns to curb rapidly spreading infections — possibly linked to a new strain of the virus identified this week. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Saturday that nonessential shops, hairdressers and indoor leisure venues will be closed. “It is with a very heavy heart that I must tell you we cannot proceed with Christmas as planned,” Johnson said.

► President-elect Joe Biden and his wife, Jill, will be getting their first dose of the coronavirus vaccine on Monday, according to Biden’s incoming press secretary, Jen Psaki. Among high-profile politicians to receive the vaccine Friday: Vice President Mike Pence, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.

Today’s numbers: The U.S. has more than 17.6 million coronavirus cases and more than 316,000 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University data. The global totals: More than 76 million cases and 1.6 million deaths. 

Here’s a closer look at today’s top stories:

CDC advisory committee recommends Moderna vaccine

An important public health committee voted unanimously Saturday to recommend Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine for people 18 years old and older.

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices is an outside committee that advises the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its recommendations are used to set the vaccination schedule for the United States.

“Safety has been a paramount focus,” said Dr. José Romero, committee chair and a professor of pediatric infectious diseases at the University of Arkansas.

The recommendation now goes to CDC director Dr. Robert Redfield for a signature.

The Moderna vaccine was authorized by the Food and Drug Administration on Friday and will begin to arrive in all 50 states on Monday.

– Elizabeth Weise

Moderna vaccine distribution begins, will be delivered Monday

Packages of the Moderna coronavirus vaccine, authorized on Friday, are being packaged Saturday for delivery on Monday, Gen. Gustave Perna, chief operating officer of Operation Warp Speed, said.

“Distribution of Moderna vaccine has already begun,” Perna said at a Saturday morning news briefing.

The vaccine is being manufactured for Moderna in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, by Lonza, a Swiss-based pharmaceutical manufacturing company. From there, it will be distributed by McKesson, a medical supply company. McKesson will pack the vaccine, which comes in 10-dose vials, into special thermal shipping boxes that can maintain the necessary standard refrigerator temperature of 26 to 35 degrees Fahrenheit.

Those boxes will be packed onto UPS and FedEx trucks to begin the transportation, which will have them delivered to all 50 states by Monday.

“Trucks will begin rolling out tomorrow, from FedEx and UPS, delivering vaccines and kits to the American people across the United States,” Perna said.

He said 2.9 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine have been delivered and that the U.S. government is on track to deliver 20 million doses to states by the first week of January. That number includes both Pfizer and Moderna doses.

– Elizabeth Weise

As COVID-19 vaccine rolls out, undocumented immigrants fear retribution

After years of isolationist and punitive immigration policies from the Trump administration, many immigrants — whose physical and fiscal health has, along with many people of color, been disproportionately impacted by the pandemic —  might be unwilling to come forward and get vaccinated. 

COVID-19 has been particularly merciless to Black, Hispanic and Asian Americans for reasons that include poverty, preexisting health conditions and front-line jobs. This demographic includes many immigrants, with the vast majority of those undocumented hailing from Mexico and Central America. Many of them are critical to farming and meatpacking, and their illness and death represent both a human tragedy and an economic blow.

“The vaccine must be fully available to undocumented Americans, if not, it will put all of us at risk,” said Manuel Pastor, head of the Equity Research Institute at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, which uses data and analysis to dissect equity issues. Read more here.

– Marco della Cava, Daniel Gonzalez and Rebecca Plevin, USA TODAY Network

How will big cities change after COVID-19?

With the COVID-19 vaccine beginning to roll out, how the biggest cities in the United States — economic engines and cultural cauldrons such as San Francisco, New York, Los Angeles, Boston and Miami — return from the deadliest global health crisis in a century may in some ways foreshadow how the United States bounces back.

Urban planners, economists and architects share a resoundingly positive consensus. They say that buoyed by a younger demographic drawn to jobs, social opportunities and public services, cities will survive this crisis much as they did the Spanish Flu of 1918 and the terrorist attacks on 9/11, an echo of European capitals’ resilience after the bubonic plague of the 1300s and cholera outbreak of the early 1800s. 

Some even posit that a year from now the United States might be in the midst of a new Roaring ‘20s, a reference to giddy good times that followed the Spanish Flu.

Part of that growth will depend on how quickly and effectively cities pivot in the wake of a landscape-altering pandemic. A lot of that will depend on how fast municipal financial coffers, depleted by lost real estate and sales tax revenue, fill back up or whether federal aid comes to the rescue. Read more here.

– Marco della Cava

Democrats in Congress ask CDC to list educators as critical group for vaccine

A Friday letter obtained by USA TODAY and signed by 25 Democratic members of Congress urges the director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to list K-12 teachers and school personnel among the groups of critical workers who will be prioritized in vaccine distribution. 

Teachers getting sick from COVID-19 or quarantining because of exposure to the virus has been a major hurdle to keeping schools open in recent months. The letter says that vaccinating teachers will make it easier to reopen schools while also protecting educators, who put themselves at a greater risk for contracting the virus when they teach in-person.

“Prioritizing COVID- 19 vaccinations for K-12 educators and school personnel recognizes the essential work of these professionals, enables a safer return to in-person instruction, and provides the means necessary for tens of millions of workers to breathe life into the American economy,” the letter says.

The letter, addressed to CDC director Robert Redfield, acknowledges states have the final say in vaccination distribution, but the federal agency’s guidance helps shape those policies.

Contributing: The Associated Press

Community Health Supervisor Cordelia Abel-Johnson, right, receives one of the first COVID-19 Phizer vaccination in the state of Nevada at the Reno-Sparks Tribal Health Center in Reno on Dec. 16, 2020. The vaccination is seen being administered by Registered Nurse Veronica Crawford.Madalynn Brooks, 7, of Canadohta Lake, visits with Santa Claus at the Millcreek Mall, Saturday, Dec. 12, 2020, in Millcreek Township, Pa. Santa, portrayed by Lenny Chatt, 73, of Lawrence Park, was seated behind a sheet of plexiglass due to COVID-19 safety measures.Vaughn McClelland helps bag sack lunches for delivery to students at the Central City Community School cafeteria in Central City, Iowa, on Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. Central City CSD is virtual this week after Thanksgiving to help mitigate the spread of the coronavirus, and McClelland and other staff members are delivering lunches to students.President-elect Joe Biden speaks to members of the media as he departs after holding a news conference to introduce his nominees and appointees to economic policy posts at The Queen theater, Tuesday, Dec. 1, 2020, in Wilmington, Del.Hannah Brooks, 16, left, and Alyssia Palmer, 15, plant flags beside First Congregational Church in Columbus in remembrance of those lost to COVID-19 with each flag representing 1,000 American deaths, on Nov. 28, 2020.People line up to be tested for COVID-19 at a testing site at FITTEAM Ballpark of the Palm Beaches  in West Palm Beach, Florida on  November 24, 2020.Large shields separate hair styling stations during the COVID-19 pandemic at Salon Fusion by Loren, Agana Shopping Center.EMT Giselle Dorgalli, second from right, looks at a monitor while performing chest compression on a patient who tested positive for coronavirus in the emergency room at Providence Holy Cross Medical Center in the Mission Hills section of Los Angeles, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2020.Low-level inmates from El Paso County detention facility work loading bodies wrapped in plastic into a refrigerated temporary morgue trailer in a parking lot of the El Paso County Medical Examiner's office on November 16, 2020 in El Paso, Texas. The inmates, who are also known as trustees, are volunteering for the work and earn $2 per hour amid a surge of COVID-19 cases in El Paso.A nurse puts on personal protective equipment as she prepares to enter a COVID-19 patient's room inside IU Health Methodist in April.Jeff Sutter wipes down machines at Life Time Beachwood, Thursday, Nov. 12, 2020, in Beachwood, Ohio. Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine's statewide address urging Ohioans to take the coronavirus more seriously included threats to close bars, restaurants and gyms for a second time while stopping short of the type of severe crackdowns implemented in the spring. Family and friends gather at Getz Funeral Home in Las Cruces on Friday Nov. 6, 2020, for a funeral for Thomas Mobley Jr. Mobely died Monday from complications due to COVID-19.Registered Nurse Daniel Corral works with a Covid-19 patient Thursday, November, 6, 2020 at the El Paso LTAC Hospital.Cindy Martinez of Fond du Lac. looks at pictures of two of her three sons who died from drug overdoses. She was laid off from her job during the COVID-19 Safer at Home order, found another job and uses her life experience to mentor young women who suffer from emotional trauma.Cars with seniors drive by hot air balloons during the 5th annual Golden Years Jamboree, a drive-through event at the balloon launch field near the Anderson Civic Center  in Anderson, S.C. Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2020. The annual jamboree was originally scheduled for last July, but was postponed as governments responded to the threat of COVID-19 by postponing events, and in many cases cancelling them. The seniors held their event, with over 100 cars with seniors driving through.  Tommy Forrest, Director of Upstate Quilts of Valor Upstate South Carolina, wears a mask quilted with lips before receiving the 24th annual Jo Brown Senior of the Year award, during the 5th annual Golden Years Jamboree, a drive-through event at the balloon launch field near the Anderson Civic Center Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2020. Hope and Walter Larkin, the children of DC National Guard Captain Matthew Larkin, helping place white flags among The IN AMERICA: How Could This Happen art project installed on the DC Armory Parade Ground and created by artist Suzanne Firstenberg. The project opened to the public on Friday, October 23, 2020 in Washington, DC honoring each of the nearly 225,000 lives lost in the U.S. due to COVID-19 with a white flag.Residents of Cuyahoga county, separated by plastic due to health concerns amid the coronavirus pandemic, fill out paper ballots for early, in person voting at the board of elections office in downtown Cleveland, Ohio on Oct. 16, 2020. Ivanka Trump, an advisor to President Donald Trump and his daughter, places an order at Graeter's ice cream shop in Mariemont, Ohio, after speaking at a campaign rally, Friday, Oct. 16, 2020, in Cincinnati.On Thursday morning, Oct. 15th, 2020, Deanna Hair is discharged from the University of Michigan hospital in Ann Arbor, Mich. with help from her husband, Ken Hair, who pushes her in a wheelchair after being there for 195 days battling COVID (She was admitted on April 2nd). Her survival is nothing short of a miracle and is very possibly the longest COVID hospitalization for a survivor in the state, if not nationally - longer. Hair's family and friends gather in front of the hospital to give her a surprise send off from the hospital.Maureen Ustenci wears a mask while looking into a tank at the California Academy of Sciences, which reopened today to limited capacity to members and donors, in San Francisco, Oct. 13, 2020. Ten California counties were cleared to ease coronavirus restrictions Tuesday, including some in the Central Valley that saw major case spikes over the summer, but the state's top health official warned that upcoming Halloween celebrations pose a risk for renewed spread.A glass of clean pens stands next to a glass for dirty pens outside a news conference with Colorado governor Jared Polis about the state's spike in cases of the new coronavirus, Oct. 13, 2020, in Denver.Ballet student Micah Sparrow dances in a classroom at the Texas Ballet Theatre, Oct. 7, 2020, in Fort Worth, Texas. For many, it's not Christmas without the dance of Clara, Uncle Drosselmeyer, the Sugar Plum Fairy, the Mouse King and, of course, the Nutcracker Prince. But this year the coronavirus pandemic has canceled performances of “The Nutcracker” around the U.S. and Canada, eliminating a major and reliable source of revenue for dance companies already reeling financially following the essential shutdown of their industry.Brian Lalor mans the thermal temperature check station for employees coming in to work at Amazon's Shakopee, Minn., fulfillment center, Oct. 8, 2020, amid the coronavirus pandemic.Free drive-thru testing for COVID-19 was offered 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on Friday, Sept. 25, at Sanford High School, and was available to all SHS and Sanford Regional Technical Center students and staff. Maine CDC opened an outbreak investigation related to the school, where school officials say there have been 13 cases of the virus.The Broome High School marching bands is coping with COVID-19 regulations and ready for this year's demanding band season.  Band Director William Moon leads his band in practice on Sept. 22, 2020 in Spartanburg, SC. Here William Moon, left, works with Reagan Bishop to prepare for practice.Mark Beaumont participates in a vigil near Trump International Golf Club Sunday night September 20, 2020 in West Palm Beach as the United States approaches 200,000 deaths caused by Covid-19.Live events industry workers push empty cases from Marquee Theatre to Tempe Beach Park on Sept. 22, 2020, in Tempe, Ariz. The rally was held to show the impact of COVID-19 on the live events industry and its workers.Volunteers place 200,000 American flags to memorialize deaths due to COVID-19 on the National Mall on Sept. 21, 2020.Barback Jaime Torres (L) and bartender Brandi Sterner make drinks after the bartop opened for the first time at Lucky Day bar in the Fremont East Entertainment District on Sept. 21, 2020 in Las Vegas, Nev. Last week, Nevada's COVID-19 Mitigation and Management Task Force voted to allow bars and lounges in Clark County to reopen at 11:59 p.m. on Sunday because of declining coronavirus numbers. The vote removes the last of the bar closure orders re-imposed by Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak in July due to increasing COVID-19 cases. Venues have to observe COVID-19 safety protocols and operate at half capacity, maintain social distancing between guests and employees and patrons must wear face coverings indoors. This is the first time Lucky Day will be open as a bar because it opened during the shutdown.To prevent the spread of COVID-19, Ethan Johnson, right, sprays hand sanitizer on the hands of a customer entering the Micro Center computer department store in Dallas, Sept. 21, 2020.Ella Powell waits in line to vote early at the Hampton registrar's satellite office located at the city's former circuit courthouse on Kings Way Friday morning, Sept. 18, 2020, in Hampton, Va. Early voting continues through Oct. 31.A Model walks the runway for the Christian Siriano Collection 37 2020 Fashion Show on Sept. 17, 2020 in Westport, Conn.Visitors pass a hand sanitizer dispensing station as they visit Zoo Miami, Tuesday, Sept. 15, 2020, in Miami. The zoo reopened Tuesday as Miami-Dade and Broward counties moved to Phase 2 of reopening on Monday.An instructor helps a student with her online school lesson at a desk separated from others by plastic barriers at STAR Eco Station Tutoring & Enrichment Center on September 10, 2020 in Culver City, California. - California public school students will continue to learn at home, in private learning pods, or at specialized enrichment centers like Star Eco Station as the coronavirus pandemic continues, after a lawsuit brought by the Orange County Board of Education seeking to compel the state to reopen public schools was shot down by the California Supreme Court on September 10.Inside the Franklin Public Library,  Assistant Youth Services Librarian Bree Comeau leads the Happy Feet Creative Movement and Dance Class Friday morning on zoom.  She has as many as 15 youngsters taking part. The library has instituted curbside pickup and drop off, but the library itself remains closed to the public due to the coronavirus.OffBrnd practices a dance routine at the Boston University Beach on Friday, Sept. 4, 2020.Whitney Byars wears a Christine Moore designed hat to the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs on Sept. 5, 2020.A waiter in a face mask takes the order of customers inside a local restaurant during lunch during the coronavirus pandemic on Friday, Sept. 4, 2020, in Hoboken, N.J.People roller skate along Venice Beach amid the COVID-19 pandemic on September 3, 2020 in Venice, California. Retailers are reporting high demand for roller skates as people search for outdoor activities amid lifestyle restrictions due to the coronavirus. According to Google data, roller skating related searches from March to May nearly quadrupled.A sign announcing COVID-19 pandemic health rules is displayed along the Venice Beach boardwalk where people sometimes roller skate on September 3, 2020 in Venice, California. Retailers are reporting high demand for roller skates as people search for outdoor activities amid lifestyle restrictions due to the coronavirus. According to Google data, roller skating related searches from March to May nearly quadrupled.Burnell Franklin, of Paterson, wipes down his workout area at Gold's Gym, which reopened to the public after being closed since March due to the Covid-19 pandemic in Totowa, N.J. on Tuesday Sept. 1, 2020.One of two swings is zip-tied to the top of the swing set in order to enforce distancing during a tour to highlight coronavirus precautions being implemented by Collier County Public Schools throughout the district at Mike Davis Elementary School near Golden Gate on Thursday, August 13, 2020.In this Aug. 11, 2020, file photo, women wear masks to help prevent the spread of coronavirus at the end of a beach day in Ogunquit, Maine.In this Aug. 20, 2020, file photo, Jemison band's flag girls wear masks as they cheer on their team at an Alabama high school football game between Jemison and Thorsby in Thorsby, Ala.Jamestown Fire Department’s 1947 Dodge pumper sending a message to residents in Jamestown, Rhode Island to mask up. It’s parked in front of JFD’s Bucky Caswell Memorial Museum on Narragansett Avenue in Jamestown. The fire engine was purchased by the department from the Block Island Fire Department in 2010 and restored by firefighter Lew Kitts. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Kitts and his engine have led many birthday parades, teacher/student appreciation processions and other celebrations for the town’s residents. Outside of COVID-19 related events, Kitts annually cruises the island’s neighborhoods with Santa or the Easter Bunny on board and normally would participate in Newport’s St. Patrick’s Day Parade and the Block Island 4th of July parade.Server Maddie Fink delivers a drink order Aug. 13 at the Clear Water Harbor Restaurant & Bar in Waupaca. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, more people than usual are pulling up their boats to the dock and ordering lunch while staying in their boats, said co-owner Maureen Mondello.PITTSBURGH, PA - AUGUST 18: Guests watch television coverage of the Democratic National Convention at a virtual DNC party overlooking the city on August 18, 2020 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The convention, which was once expected to draw 50,000 people to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is now taking place virtually due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. (Photo by Jeff Swensen/Getty Images) ORG XMIT: 775548277 ORIG FILE ID: 1228100578FRANKLIN, TENNESSEE - AUGUST 20: Patrons watch a movie at AMC DINE-IN Thoroughbred 20 on August 20, 2020 in Franklin, Tennessee. AMC Theaters reopened more than 100 of its movie theaters across the United States today for the first time since closing in March because of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic with a 15-cent ticket price promotion and new safety precautions in place.  According to AMC, enhanced cleaning and safety protocols include disinfecting theaters before each show, mandatory face coverings for employees and customers, upgraded air filtration systems where possible, and high-touch points cleaned throughout the day. Hand sanitizer and disinfectant wipes are available throughout the theaters, auditoriums are at 40 percent capacity or less. (Photo by Jason Kempin/Getty Images) ORG XMIT: 775547103 ORIG FILE ID: 1267403617NEW YORK, NEW YORK - AUGUST 20: A woman wearing a yellow outfit with matching protective mask walks down the sidewalk as the city continues Phase 4 of re-opening following restrictions imposed to slow the spread of coronavirus on August 20, 2020 in New York City. The fourth phase allows outdoor arts and entertainment, sporting events without fans and media production. (Photo by Cindy Ord/Getty Images) ORG XMIT: 775526444 ORIG FILE ID: 1267433271Breakfast is handed out to students in Jessica Hicks’ second grade classroom at Norwood Elementary School in Oliver Springs, Tenn., on Monday, August 10, 2020. Anderson County Schools are starting on a staggered schedule on Aug. 10. Meko Gray, left, of the Erie Chapter of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Inc., and Pastor Jim Parkinson of the First Methodist Church, go door-to-door Aug. 8, 2020 on East 19th Street in Erie, handing out masks and literature about COVID-19. The outreach event, organized by United Clergy of Erie, focused on the communities which have experienced high rates of COVID-19.A man  walks near a store window display featuring mannequins wearing protective masks as the New York City continues Phase 4 of re-opening following restrictions imposed to slow the spread of coronavirus on Aug. 8, 2020.Jonathan Lasanas, left, and Damian Pardo, right, pass out free meals during an event sponsored by the Gay8 Festival during the coronavirus pandemic, Aug. 7, 2020, in the Little Havana neighborhood in Miami. The Gay8 Festival is an annual Hispanic LGBTQ celebration in Little Havana.Shanika Williams wears a facemask as she delivers food in John Knox Village, a retirement community in Pompano Beach some 40 miles north of Miami, Fla. on Aug. 7, 2020.  About 900 retirees live in the John Knox Village senior community in Pompano Beach, South Florida. Of these, about 400 have learned to use technology to order food to their apartments, communicate with each other or participate in online social activities.Congregants wear face shields during the first-ever outdoor Ordination Mass at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels amid the COVID-19 pandemic on Aug. 8, 2020 in Los Angeles. Archbishop Gomez ordained eight new priests, known as the Pandemic Class of 2020, beneath a tent with social distancing in a rite delayed more than two months due to the spread of the coronavirus.People take an outdoor class at Pylo Fitness, with workout equipment set up on the sidewalk on La Brea Blvd, on Aug. 7 2020, in Los Angeles, California, amid the novel coronavirus pandemic.Election workers are spaced out and separated by screens for protection from the coronavirus as they open envelopes containing ballots for the Aug. 4 Washington state primary at King County Elections in Renton, Wash. on Aug. 3, 2020.Staff work to continually clean all communal surfaces in the hopes of nullifying any viral spread during pre-tournament action in the WGC-FedEx St. Jude Invitational at TPC Southwind on Wednesday, July 29, 2020 in Shelby County, Tenn.Seattle Mariners players kneel for social justice before a baseball game against the Houston Astros Friday, July 24, 2020, in Houston.A customer of Cosmo's barber shop receives a haircut in the parking lot in front of the shop on Wednesday, July 22, 2020, in Pleasanton, Calif.  Throughout May and June, California reopened much of its economy, and people resumed shopping in stores and dining in restaurants. But infections began to surge and a new round of business restrictions were imposed, including a ban on indoor dining in restaurants and bars.Noah Vasquez, of Margaritaville Hollywood Beach Resort, wears a face mask on the wave rider, July 19, 2020, in Hollywood, Fla., during the coronavirus pandemic.Juan Carlos, a host at Ocean 10 restaurant, stands at the entrance of the restaurant to turn customers away as a curfew from 8pm to 6am is put in place on July 18, 2020 in Miami Beach, Florida. The City of Miami Beach put the curfew back into place to fight the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19), which has spiked in recent days after the reopening of businesses.People wearing protective face masks walk along King St. on July 18, 2020 in Charleston, S.C.  South Carolina is struggling with a high percentage of positive coronavirus (COVID-19) test results.Artists Jack Schwab, and Debbie Wilger, wear their masks July 14, 2020, inside the Missouri Artists on Main store in downtown St. Charles, Mo. Schwab, 60, who makes silver jewelry, and Wilger, 63, a painter, are concerned about the uptick in coronavirus cases in St. Charles County, and say most customers in the store abide by their facial covering policy, but a few have left in anger because of it.

Artists Jack Schwab, and Debbie Wilger, wear their masks July 14, 2020, inside the Missouri Artists on Main store in downtown St. Charles, Mo. Schwab, 60, who makes silver jewelry, and Wilger, 63, a painter, are concerned about the uptick in coronavirus cases in St. Charles County, and say most customers in the store abide by their facial covering policy, but a few have left in anger because of it. Jim Salter, AP

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Afework Meshesha, right, pushes his daughter Yohanna while she rides a swing at a playground, Saturday, July 11, 2020, in Los Angeles. The number of deaths per day from the coronavirus in the U.S. had been falling for months, and even remained down as some states saw explosions in cases. But now a long-expected upturn has begun, driven by fatalities in states in the South and West.Aubrey Prugger bags groceries for a customer while wearing a face covering at MaMa Jean's Natural Market on Republic Road in Springfield, Illinois to slow the spread of COVID-19 on Friday, July 10, 2020.Guests wearing protective masks wait outside the Magic Kingdom theme park at Walt Disney World on the first day of reopening, in Orlando, Florida, on July 11, 2020.A mall employee sanitizes high touch surfaces as hoppers return to the Palisades Center in West Nyack, Friday, July 10, 2020.St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Carlos Martinez watches during baseball practice at Busch Stadium Tuesday, July 7, 2020, in St. Louis.Healthcare workers Peggy Quartrman (L) and Tiffany Burke prepare to register patients during the COVID-19 drive-thru testing at the Duke Energy for the Arts Mahaffey Theater on July 8, 2020 in St. Petersburg, Florida. The Pinellas County Government partnered with state and local health care agencies to open a COVID-19 testing site while the state undergoes another surge in coronavirus cases.Candace Sanders, right, sits behind a plastic curtain while getting a pedicure at HT&V Nails in the Harlem section of New York, Monday, July 6, 2020. Nail salons and dog runs were back in business on Monday as New York City entered a new phase in the easing of coronavirus restrictions, but indoor restaurant dining will be postponed indefinitely in order to prevent a spike in new infections.Lines of cars wait at a drive-through coronavirus testing site, Sunday, July 5, 2020, outside Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Fla. Florida health officials say the state has reached a grim milestone: more than 200,000 people have tested positive for the novel coronavirus since the start of the outbreak.A pedestrian, wearing a mask to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus, walks down Miami Beach, Florida's famed Ocean Drive on South Beach, July 4, 2020. The Fourth of July holiday weekend began Saturday with some sobering numbers in the Sunshine State: Florida logged a record number of people testing positive for the coronavirus.People wearing face coverings walk past the closed Santa Monica Pier amid the COVID-19 pandemic on July 3, 2020 in Santa Monica, California. Los Angeles County beaches and piers will be closed starting today through the July 4th holiday weekend amid some reinstated restrictions intended to slow the spread of the coronavirus.Participants Amy Saylor, left, leads her dog Josie during the Clemson Area PUP parade at Clemson Heritage Assisted Living in Central, S.C. Tuesday, June 30, 2020. A group of dogs led by Paws 2 Care of Greenville dressed in patriotic attire for a group of residents seated outdoors in the shade, and wished them a Happy Fourth of July. New Hampshire House of Representatives members gather for a legislative session on the drained hockey rink at the University of New Hampshire on Tuesday, June 30, 2020, in Durham, N.H. The N.H. House met for their scheduled final session of the year, with safety restrictions due to the COVID-19 virus outbreak.Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), joined by members of the Select Committee on the Climate Crisis, listens during a news conference outside the U.S. Capitol on June 30, 2020 in Washington, DC.  Pelosi joined her colleagues to unveil the Climate Crisis action plan, which calls for government mandates, tax incentives and new infrastructure to bring the U.S. economys greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050.Dozens wait in their cars at a drive-through COVID-19 testing site at Community Care clinic at the Hancock Center in Austin, Texas, on Saturday June 27, 2020.Entrance of a restaurant in Austin, Texas, on June 27, 2020.House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of Calif., wears a face mask as she arrives to speak at a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Friday, June 26, 2020.Alcozy Payno-Gamble reads as she waits in line to vote in primary elections at the Nepperhan Community Center in Yonkers, N.Y. June 23, 2020. Despite the number of people who voted early by absentee ballot, election workers at the site said turnout was heavier than usual, which they attributed to the fact that there were fewer polling sites than usual throughout the city due to the COVID-19 pandemic.Restaurant set tables on Main street, closed to traffic, to create an outdoor dining area where people can enjoy lunch in Annapolis, Maryland, on June 21, 2020 - Visitors flock to Annapolis for the start of summer 2020 amid the coronavirus pandemic. Danielle Espinoza, right, listens as hairstylist Wendy Newsome, in Portland, Ore., provides a virtual guided haircut through Zoom during the coronavirus outbreak in San Francisco, Saturday, June 13, 2020. Manager Adam Smith of the Hanover Raiders, left, and manager Mike Kipe of the Hagerstown Braves, right,  stand at proper social distances with umpires Denny Rotz, center back, and Carl McKee before playing in game one of a doubleheader in the South Penn Baseball League at Diller Field on June 20, 2020 in Hanover, Pennsylvania. In their 55th season, the South Penn Baseball League resumed today after being delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and following Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf issuing guidelines for recreational sports. Many other levels of baseball have been canceled or postponed due to coronavirus around the globe, including Major League Baseball. Rhode Island Democratic state Rep. Raymond Hull, below center, holds a microphone on the floor of the House Chamber while separated by plastic protective barriers at the start of a legislative session, Wednesday, June 17, 2020, at the Statehouse, in Providence, R.I. Wednesday's session was the first by the legislature to be held on the floor of the chamber since March of 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic. People exercise at Inspire South Bay Fitness behind plastic sheets in their workout pods while observing social distancing on June 15, 2020 in Redondo Beach, Calif. as the gym reopens today under California's coronavirus Phase 3 reopening guidelines. Sonia Singh, the manager of Ashley 21 clothing store, tapes up a social distancing sign in Mount Vernon, N.Y., June 9, 2020. Counties north of New York City are reopening clothing stores as part of Phase 2 during the coronavirus pandemic.People ride the subway on the first day of phase one of the reopening after the coronavirus lockdown on June 8, 2020 in New York City. New York City enters phase one one hundred days after the first confirmed case of Covid-19.Nyasha Sarju sits as a Seattle Fire Department paramedic prepares to take a nasal swab sample to test for coronavirus at a testing site, Monday, June 8, 2020, in Seattle, after Sarju came in to be checked following her protesting over the past two weeks in the city. The new citywide testing program expanded testing criteria to include individuals who participated in demonstrations throughout the past week, where people who have been protesting the death of George Floyd, a black man who was died in police custody in Minneapolis on May 25.Joel Hernandez Valdez, the 100th patient to recover from COVID-19 at Banner Baywood Medical Center, is discharged on June 5, 2020, in Mesa, Ariz.Dealers in masks wait for customers before the reopening of the D Las Vegas hotel and casino, June 3, 2020, in Las Vegas. Casinos were allowed to reopen on Thursday after temporary closures as a precaution against the coronavirus. Residents cast their votes during the annual town meeting on June 2, 2020 in Worcester, Mass. The meeting was held on the Auburn High football field to adhere to social distancing guidelines due to COVID-19. USA;  Amanda Davidson helps her daughter, Lyle, put on her face mask after they got out of the pool at Rosewood Pool on Tuesday June 2, 2020.  Some city-owned swimming pools are reopening with reduced hours and capacity and with new rules to slow the spread of the coronavirus.  Guests must have their temperature taken and give their contact information before entering the facility, and they must wear face masks when outside the pool.  The pool closes every two hours for a 15-minute cleaning and disinfecting.Stylist Rachel Carter washes reporter Maggie Menderski's hair at the Neatbeat hair salon in Louisville, Ky. on May 27, 2020.  They are separated from other clients by newly installed plastic dividers.  Salons have recently reopened following the shutdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic.Lifeguard Mark Rerecich wears a mask as he watches over guests at Cowabunga Bay Water Park, which was allowed to open for the first time this weekend because of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on May 30, 2020 in Henderson, Nevada.Kalea Shippee, owner of Salon Meraki, in Brattleboro, Vt., works on dying the hair of Jen Delano on Friday, May 29, 2020. Friday was the first time the salon was allowed to open up since Vermont closed all hair salons and barbershops because of the COVID-19 pandemic.Artist Jorge Rodriguez-Gerada works on a 20,000-square foot mural of a health care worker in a parking lot in Flushing Meadows Corona Park in the Queens borough of New York on May 27, 2020.Surrounded by fellow House Republican members, House Minority Leader Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) speaks during a news conference outside the U.S. Capitol, May 27, 2020 in Washington, DC. Calling it unconstitutional, Republican leaders have filed a lawsuit against House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and congressional officials in an effort to block the House of Representatives from using a proxy voting system to allow for remote voting during the coronavirus pandemic.Invited guests listen as U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during an event on protecting seniors with diabetes, in the Rose Garden at the White House on May 26, 2020 in Washington, DC. The United States is closing in on 100,000 deaths in less than four months caused by the coronavirus.Rep. John Mark Windle, left, D-Livingston, wears a mask due to COVID-19 precautions during a meeting of the House K-12 subcommittee Tuesday, May 26, 2020, in Nashville, Tenn. Lawmakers resumed working inside the legislative facilities Tuesday.Illinois state Rep. Darren Bailey, R-Louisville, left, listens to Illinois House Minority Leader Jim Durkin, R-Western Springs, as they speak before the Illinois House of Representatives voted 81-27 to remove him from the House floor for not wearing a mask Wednesday, May 20, 2020. Some GOP members voted for his removal. The legislators are gathering at the center instead of in their chamber in the Illinois Capitol building a few blocks away because it affords more space for to practice social distancing amid the COVID-19 pandemic.Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez, center, and Isaiah Tsosie, right, an office specialist with the Coyote Canyon chapter, move fresh food off a truck to be distributed to community members at a food distribution point before the start of a weekend long curfew, in Coyote Canyon, N.M., on the Navajo Nation on May 15, 2020. All businesses including the 13 grocery stores on the reservation were closed during the weekend long curfew to combat the new coronavirus pandemic. The Navajo Nation has been one of the hardest hit areas from the COVID-19 pandemic in the entire United States.Workers have nearly completed preparations for the arrival of Illinois state representatives at the Bank of Springfield Center in Springfield, Ill. on May 18, 2020, when the Illinois General Assembly returns to Springfield for three days to take up a spring session workload long delayed by the coronavirus pandemic. The House will gather at the downtown location instead of in their chamber in the Illinois Capitol building a few blocks away because it affords more space for legislators to practice social distancing. Candace Montgomery finishes a hair cut with Ralph Duncan of Anderson at Great Clips in Anderson, S.C. Monday, May 18, 2020. Gyms, salons, tattoo parlors and other close-contact businesses in the Upstate opened their doors Monday after an executive order closing them was lifted in South Carolina.A crew member in a mask looks on in the garage area prior to the NASCAR Cup Series The Real Heroes 400 at Darlington Raceway on May 17, 2020 in Darlington, South Carolina. NASCAR resumes the season after the nationwide lockdown due to the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19).Rep. Abigail Spanberger (D-VA) helps to register families as they wait in line in their vehicles for food to be distributed by the group Empowering Culpeper at the Culpeper Sports Complex May 16, 2020 in Culpeper, Virginia.Joe Barnes, owner of Safe Spray Services, sprays disinfectant at Rococo restaurant as he treats and cleans the surfaces on Friday, May 15, 2020, in Oklahoma City, Okla. Barnes turned his grease traps cleaning service to a COVID-19 deep-cleaning service, that includes disinfectant spay, clean-up and UV ray treatment, to contribute to the pandemic response and keep his employees paid.Ivanka Trump, first daughter and adviser to President Donald Trump, adjusts her mask after a tour at the distribution center of Coastal Sunbelt Produce May 15, 2020 in Laurel, Maryland.Shandrika Pritchett with the Walton County Health Department administers a COVID-19 test at a drive-thru testing station set up at the Van R Butler Elementary School on May 14 in South Walton County, Fla.Hollywood police officers monitor activity along the Hollywood Beach Broadwalk during the new coronavirus pandemic, Wednesday, May 13, 2020, in Hollywood, Fla.People wait in line as members of the US Army National Guard hand out food and other essentials for people in need at a food pantry in the Brooklyn borough of New York City on May 13, 2020.The United States Navy Blue Angels fly over Chicago outside of Northwestern Memorial Hospital to honor healthcare workers and all those affected by COVID-19, May 12, 2020.Lee Moore of White Plains, N.Y. picks out Mother's Day roses at Sunshine Market in White Plains May 10, 2020. Moore was buying roses for her mother, mother-in-law, and a friend, all of which she said would be delivered while practicing social distancing, including just leaving the roses for her friend on her doorstep.A woman dressed in a former New England Patriots' Tom Brady jersey, waits in line at a food distribution site, Saturday, May 9, 2020, in Chelsea, Mass. The donated food was delivered to the site in the Patriots' team truck.Angela Hernandez has her hair washed at Kosmo Salon on Friday, May 8, 2020. Barbershops and nail salons reopened on Friday, May 8, 2020 as part of Texas Gov. Greg Abbott's plan to reopen after coronavirus closures.Battelle decontamination technicians Zachary Leiman, left, and Rod McCollum prepare to test a Battelle CCDS Critical Care Decontamination System on May 8, 2020 in Brighton, Colorado. The decontamination system can process up to 80,000 used N95 respirators per day using vapor phase hydrogen peroxide that kills coronavirus and allows masks to be reused 20 times without degradation.People affected by the coronavirus pandemic line up in their cars at Central Texas Food Bank drive-through food distribution at Del Valle High School in Austin, Texas, on Thursday May 7, 2020.  Hundreds received an emergency food box containing about 28 pounds of shelf stable food items.  Alice Mayes, 92, is visited by her family at Signature HealthCARE on May 6, 2020 in NewBurgh, Ind. The family, from left, Onya Rhoades, Lexi Rhoads, 3, Dylan Rhoades, 5, Kaitlyn Helmbrecht, 2, James Helmbrecht and Del Mayes were separated by a window glass on May 6, 2020 in Newburgh, Ind. The 92-year-old is a COVID-19 survivor.

Alice Mayes, 92, is visited by her family at Signature HealthCARE on May 6, 2020 in NewBurgh, Ind. The family, from left, Onya Rhoades, Lexi Rhoads, 3, Dylan Rhoades, 5, Kaitlyn Helmbrecht, 2, James Helmbrecht and Del Mayes were separated by a window glass on May 6, 2020 in Newburgh, Ind. The 92-year-old is a COVID-19 survivor. Denny Simmons, Evansville Courier & Press

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Members of the National Nurses United stand among 88 pairs of empty shoes representing nurses that they say have died from COVID-19 while demonstrating in Lafayette Park across from the White House May 7, 2020 in Washington, DC. The union is protesting during Nurses' Week to demand that their employers and the federal government 'provide safe workplaces by providing optimal personal protective equipment (PPE), safe staffing, presumptive eligibility for workers compensation benefits and more' during the novel coronavirus pandemic.Jurek Williamson, the owner of King’s Temple Barber Shop in Memphis, Tenn. cuts the hair of Dashawn Whiting, 16, on May 6, 2020, the first day he is able to reopen his shop during Phase 1 of the city’s plan to restart the economy after it was shuttered over fears stemming from spread of the coronavirus pandemic.  (Via OlyDrop)No need for social distancing on this day at the Whippy Dip ice cream stand in Erie, Pa. on May 5, 2020. Ed Beck, center, walks across the white X's placed six feet apart to help customers practice social distancing due to the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.With senators practicing social distancing Justin Walker testifies before a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on his nomination to be a U.S. circuit judge for the District of Columbia Circuit on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, May 6, 2020.A sign in a store window at Greenwood Park Mall in Greenwood, Ind., lets customers know they are still temporarily closed on Monday, May 4, 2020.  Lisa Ford, right, of Kyle, gets her temperature checked by Margaret Capulin before entering EVO Entertainment on Monday.  The movie theater in Kyle, Texas reopened Monday after Gov. Greg Abbott last week lifted the shelter in place order and allowed retail stores, restaurants and some other businesses to open to the public at no more than 25% capacity. The band Hypnotik performs out of a garage in a Northwest Oklahoma City neighborhood, for a social distance concert for neighbors, Saturday, May 2, 2020. The casket of  Paul Cary rests in the back of an Ambulnz ambulance at Newark International Airport where his body will be flown back to his home state of Colorado on May 3, 2020. Cary died of complications from COVID-19, he became sick while serving as a volunteer with Ambulnzís State of New York COVID Response team.Dozens donned masks along with scrubs and white coats as the Physicians Action Network held a public rally in support of Dr. Amy Acton at the Ohio Statehouse in downtown Columbus on Sunday, May 3, 2020. Doctors stood six feet apart, marked by lengths of rope, to highlight the value of social distancing during the COVID19 pandemic. The rally was a response to protestors of the state's Stay at Home orders who demonstrated outside Acton's home in Bexley on Saturday.A sign in the meat section of Smart and Final in Santa Clarita, Calif., warn customers of a limit on meat purchases May 3, 2020. Shelbi Daniels, left, Dawn Hamilton, center, and Heather Kahle, right, of Bliley Technologies hand out face shields free to the public May 2, 2020 at the Millcreek Township business. Bliley Technologies has been assembling and distributing the COVID-19 face shields that were designed at Penn State Behrend and paid for  by the Erie County Gaming Revenue Authority.Amid concerns of the spread of COVID-19, Curtis Sulcer wipes down an escalator for shoppers at the North Park Mall in Dallas, Saturday, May 2, 2020. Texas charged into its first weekend of re-opening the economy with residents allowed to go back to malls, restaurants, movie theaters and retail stores in limited numbers.Dressed as the Grim Reaper, Florida Attorney Daniel Uhlfelder talks with reporters after walking the newly opened beach near Destin, Fla on Friday, May 1, 2020. Uhlfelder was protesting the Walton County (Florida) Commission's decision to reopen the county's beaches in spite of the COVID-19 pandemic.  “In these circumstances, I can see no rational reason to open our beaches, effectively inviting tens of thousands of tourists back into our community” Uhlfelder said in a news release. “If by dressing up as the ‘Grim Reaper’ and walking our beaches I can make people think and potentially help save a life – that is the right thing to do.” Tymber Bryant, left, and Jackie Baker, with the  228 Theater Tactical Signal Brigade of the South Carolina National Guard in Spartanburg, place food in the car of Sterling Crawford of Abbeville, food from Second Harvest Food Bank of Metrolina at the Department of Social Services Abbeville County Government Buildings in Abbeville, S.C. on Friday, May 1, 2020. Donal Dickens, the Williamston Branch Manager of Second Harvest Food Bank of Metrolina said there was enough food for three days for 500 families who drove through, which ran out in two hours.United States Postal Service mail carrier Frank Colon, 59, delivers mail amid the coronavirus pandemic on April 30, 2020 in El Paso, Texas. Everyday the United States Postal Service  employees work and deliver essential mail to customers.Medical workers take in patients outside of a special coronavirus intake area at Maimonides Medical Center on May 01, 2020 in the Borough Park neighborhood of the Brooklyn borough of New York City. Hospitals in New York City, which have been especially hard hit by the coronavirus, are just beginning to see a downturn in COVID-19 cases. The U.S. Navy hospital ship USNS Comfort prepares to depart Manhattan's West Side to return to Naval Station Norfolk in Virginia on April 30, 2020 in New York City. The USNS Comfort, a floating hospital in the form of a Navy ship, is departing New York after the last patient aboard was discharged earlier this week. The Comfort's 1,000 beds and 12 operation rooms were deployed to ease pressure on New York hospitals amid the coronavirus pandemic.Pedestrians walk past a sign in front of the The Anthem, a popular live music venue, displaying a message of support amid the coronavirus pandemic, on April 29, 2020, in Washington, DC.Phoenix Fire Department engineer Jake Fierros, left, receives a free antibody test for the new coronavirus, administered by Phoenix Fire Department engineer paramedic Johnny Johnson at the Phoenix Fire Department training facility in Phoenix on April 28, 2020. Antibody tests, do not test for the presence of COVID-19 itself, but detect whether someone has the antibodies in their immune system to fight off the virus. Within ten minutes after taking the test that first responder was notified by phone if they tested positive. The tests available to all members of the Phoenix Fire Department were organized by the United Phoenix Firefighters Association.A person wears a mask to protect against the coronavirus,  votes in the Ohio primary election at the Hamilton County Board of Elections on Tuesday, April 28, 2020, in Norwood, a suburb of Cincinnati.A waiter at Gloria's Latin Cuisine in serves up lunch to patrons on the patio in Colleyville, Texas on April 27, 2020.Shelley Craft, owner of The Men's Refinery BarberSpa  gives a haircut to Kenneth Gregory at her salon in Augusta, Ga., Friday morning April 23, 2020. Barber Patrick Watkins of Jet Cuts & Styles finishes up a haircut on Darrell Stevens at the reopened barbershop in Athens, Ga, on Friday, April 24, 2020. The shop is one of the first non-essential businesses in Athens to open following Gov. Brian Kemp’s announcement to ease his COVID-19 emergency declaration. Pictures of the Crescent High School graduating class of 2020 are seen in downtown Crescent, Okla., Saturday, April 25, 2020. The pictures were hung to recognize the senior class that doesn't know what their graduation ceremony will look like. Vehicles line up to receive food during a donation drive by World Central Kitchen in the parking lot of the Camden Yards Sports Complex, Saturday, April 25, 2020, in Baltimore. World Central Kitchen conducted its food relief operation during the coronavirus outbreak to help relieve food insecurity faced by Baltimore's vulnerable communities, at the request of Governor Larry Hogan.Eric Jones, 15, bowls as his dad, Heath, watches in the backyard of their Oklahoma City home, Tuesday, April 21, 2020. Health and his son Eric built a bowling lane in their backyard so that Eric, a competitive bowler, could continue to bowl while bowling alleys are closed. Edwar Johnson works on making protective masks in Warren, Mich., Thursday, April 23, 2020. General Motors has about 400 workers at the now-closed transmission plant in suburban Detroit.Caskets of Muslims who have passed away from the coronavirus are prepared for burial at a busy Brooklyn funeral home on the first day of Ramadan on April 24, 2020 in New York. Like the majority of New York City funeral homes, services that deal with the dead in New York's Muslim communities have been overwhelmed with the large number of deceased. Around the world, Muslims are preparing to observe the holy month of Ramadan under severe restrictions caused by the coronavirus outbreak. New York City, which has been the hardest hit city in America from COVID-19, is starting to see a slowdown in hospital visits and a lowering of the daily death rate from the virus.Cars line up for food at the Utah Food Bank's mobile food pantry at the Maverik Center, Friday, April 24, 2020, in West Valley City, Utah. As coronavirus concerns continue, the need for assistance has increased, particularly at the Utah Food Bank.Fitness coordinator Janet Hollander, leads a session of Balcony Boogie from outside Willamette Oaks in Eugene, Oregon for residents sheltering in their apartments during the COVID-19 shutdown Tuesday April 21, 2020. The staff of the senior housing center have modified some of the regular routines for residents, staging activities like morning stretches and aerobic opportunities while still observing social distancing protocols.Sheila Parr and her daughters Violet Cann, left, 7, and Stella Cann, 5, donate food and toilet paper to the Little Free Library on Princeton Drive in Austin, Texas, on Tuesday April 21, 2020.  In response to the coronavirus pandemic, many of the book exchange boxes around the U.S. are being repurposed as sharing boxes with free food and toilet paper. The Paterson fire department COVID-19 EMS unit responds to a call for a person under investigation of having the coronavirus on April 16, 2020. Paterson has one of the highest coronavirus caseloads in N.J., with about 3,000 residents testing positive, according to New Jersey health officials. Fadia Joseph volunteers at a Central Texas Food Bank drive-through distribution at Del Valle High School in Austin, Texas, on April 20, 2020.  About 100 volunteers distributed nonperishable food and toiletries to thousands of people who have been affected by the coronavirus pandemic.People wait in line at a Central Texas Food Bank drive-through distribution at Del Valle High School in Austin, Texas, on April 20, 2020.  About 100 volunteers distributed nonperishable food and toiletries to thousands of people who have been affected by the coronavirus pandemic.Alma Cropper, 84, left, is given a coronavirus test near her vehicle at a walk-up testing center, April 20, 2020, in Annapolis, Md. According to the City of Annapolis Office of Emergency Management, the testing site began with a limited number of tests for people with symptoms on Monday.People wait in line for a coronavirus test at one of the new walk-in COVID-19 testing sites that opened at the located in the parking lot of NYC Health + Hospitals/Gotham Health Morrisania in the Bronx Section of New York on April 20, 2020.A deserted 42nd Street is seen in midtown New York on April 19, 2020 during the COVID-19, coronavirus epidemic.A woman wearing a face mask to protect herself from the coronavirus carries balloons for a birthday party  on April 18, 2020, in Arlington, Virginia.Delcia Dias (left) and Monica Dias celebrate the beaches opening on a limited basis during the coronavirus pandemic Friday, April 17, 2020 on Jacksonville Beach, Florida. The beaches are open from 6 a.m. to 11 a.m. and then 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. for activities such as walking, running, surfing, swimming, fishing and other activities. No sunbathing or sitting is allowed.A pedestrian uses a face cover while walking in downtown Durham, N.C., Friday, April 17, 2020. Gov. Roy Cooper's stay-home orders remain in effect as the coronavirus has not yet reached its peak in the state according to some hospitals.A mourner attends the funeral of Saul Sanchez, a longtime JBS employee that died of the coronavirus disease, at Sunset Memorial Cemetery in Greeley, Colo. on Apr 15, 2020.As masks became harder to get, hospitals began looking for ways to re-use them. Dan Cates demonstrates how used N95 masks will be placed onto plastic racks to be sterilized by a robot utilizing ultraviolet light at Regions Hospital in St. Paul, Minn.Mike Lane, a gas station attendant, tries to protect himself the best way he can to avoid the coronavirus while working at a Sunoco in Ridgefield Park, N.J. on April 15, 2020.  NJ is the only state with full service gas in the country.To reduce the number of times a patient's room door is opened and the amount of personal protective equipment required, nurses in the intensive care unit of MedStar St. Mary's Hospital communicate through a window with an erasable whiteboard from a COVID-19 patient's room on April 14, 2020 in Leonardtown, Maryland.This trio finds ample room to walk through a Rochester, N.Y. neighborhood on April 14, 2020 while following social distancing protocols during the coronavirus pandemic.A woman gestures to a child in a protective face mask as a precaution against the coronavirus to pose for a photograph with the Rocky statue outfitted with mock surgical face mask at the Philadelphia Art Museum in Philadelphia, April 14, 2020.Finn, Thunder and Lego at the window of Ronald Boik visiting him as their owner Nicole George holds their leashes at the Cedar Woods Assisted Living in Belleville, Michigan on Saturday, April 11, 2020. Nicole and Tim George brought their three alpacas, Thunder, Finn and Lego to the nursing home to brighten up the day for some of the 110 residents that live there. Nozmi Elder, 70 of Dearborn and owner of Cedar Woods Assisted Living said most of the residents have been confined to their rooms for the past three weeks as precautions for the Coronavirus and thought the site of alpacas visiting them would lift their spirits.Lisa Chamblee buys produce at Concord Market in Anderson, S.C. April 9, 2020.  The market sells food and plants from local sources and is selling well according to the business.People wait in their cars Thursday, April 9, 2020, at Traders Village for the San Antonio Food Bank to begin food distribution. The need for emergency food aid has exploded in recent weeks due to the coronavirus epidemic.A man wearing a mask walks by St. John's United Methodist Church COVID-19 Cross of Hope in Anderson, S.C. on April 9, 2020. The cross with royal blue ribbons for each diagnosed person in South Carolina started when there were 450 cases, but as the cross was placed in front of the church Thursday morning, the cases in South Carolina are at 2,552 with 63 deaths. Sandra Cooley waves from her window to the Easter Bunny as he visits Crimson Village assisted living community Thursday, April 9, 2020. The bunny came from Amediysis, a home health, hospice care and personal care company that serves Crimson Village. The bunny stayed outside the building to ensure safety from COVID-19 exposure to the residents. United Airlines' Terminal C is nearly empty at Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark, N.J. on April 9, 2020. Rabbi Dean Shapiro (left) of Temple Emanuel in Tempe, angles his laptop so others online can see their Seder plate as Shapiro's partner, Haim Ainsworth and their son, Jacob Shapiro-Ainsworth, 11, look on, as they participate in an online Seder during the first night of the Jewish holiday of Passover at their home in Tempe on April 8, 2020. The Seder which included members from Temple Emanuel was being held online because of the coronavirus pandemic.First Responders gathered outside of Northern Westchester Hospital in Mount Kisco, N.Y. on April 8, 2020, to applaud the doctors, nurses and staff for the hard work they are doing during the coronavirus pandemic.Nurses in the emergency department of MedStar St. Mary's Hospital don personal protective equipment before entering the room of a patient suspected of having coronavirus April 8 in Leonardtown, Md.A whimsical display fashioned like giant high-demand toilet paper rolls draws attention to Hub City Smokehouse's curbside service on Main Street in historic downtown Crestview, Fla. on April 7, 2020.A woman looks for a director after voting at Riverside High School in Milwaukee on April 7, 2020. The Wisconsin primary is moving forward in the wake of the coronavirus epidemic after Gov. Tony Evers sought to shut down Tuesday's election in a historic move Monday that was swiftly rejected by the conservative majority of the Wisconsin Supreme Court by the end of the day.In Austin, Texas, on April 6, 2020.Austin High School seniors and best friends, clockwise from top left, Brooke Peterman, 17, Maddy McCutchin, 18, Lucia Saenz, 17, Reese Simek, 18, and Lily Tickle, 18, visit with each other in the parking lot at the school in Austin, Texas, on Sunday April 5, 2020.   In the midst of a shelter in place order due to the coronavirus pandemic, the girls sat in the back of their cars to chat at a safe distance.

Austin High School seniors and best friends, clockwise from top left, Brooke Peterman, 17, Maddy McCutchin, 18, Lucia Saenz, 17, Reese Simek, 18, and Lily Tickle, 18, visit with each other in the parking lot at the school in Austin, Texas, on Sunday April 5, 2020. In the midst of a shelter in place order due to the coronavirus pandemic, the girls sat in the back of their cars to chat at a safe distance. Jay Janner, Austin American-Statesman / USA TODAY Network

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A customer leaves Vagabond Coffee on Edgewood Avenue with his takeout order as the marque on the Murray Hill Theater offered positive words in light of the closings around Jacksonville, Fla and the rest of the country in the effort to slow down the spread of the coronavirus Saturday, April 4, 2020. Over 3,000 vehicles made their way to the parking lot of Nelson Field at Reagan Early College High School in northeast Austin to pick up to a 30-pound box of food April 4, 2020. President and CEO of Central Texas Food Bank in Austin, Texas. Becky Kops, right, uses a picker to hand her friend, Dajen Bohachek, a present as friends of Bohachek, of Bayside, held a social distance drive by birthday party for her during the coronavirus to celebrate her 44th birthday in Bayside, Wis. on Friday, April 3, 2020. The group decorated their vehicles at the Fox Point Village Hall before heading to Bohachek’s home to celebrate from the road. The stay at home order and the necessity to stay socially distant from each other has inspired creative ways for people to connect. An Arlington County employee speaks with a woman  at a drive-thru donation point created to collect unused and unopened personal protective equipment, cleaning supplies and some food items to help people responding to the coronavirus, COVID-19, pandemic, in Arlington, Virginia on April 3, 2020.Lorena Dominguez, a campus operations specialist at the IDEA Rundberg charter school in Austin, Texas, teaches math to kindergartener Reighan Holzkamp, 6, on Wednesday April 1, 2020.  Ten children of first responders and essential workers are being taught at the school amid the coronavirus pandemic. The beach in Walton County, Fla sits nearly empty on March 31, 2020 following a mandated closure by the Walton County Commission. A body wrapped in plastic is prepared to be loaded onto a refrigerated container truck used as a temporary morgue by medical workers due to COVID-19 concerns, March 31, 2020, at Brooklyn Hospital Center in the Brooklyn borough of New York. The Oculus Transportation Hub at the World Trade Center in Manhattan was all but empty March 30, 2020 as the stores that ring the site are closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.State Rep. Vincent Pierre, D-Dist. 44, wears gloves as he holds his hand to his heart for the Pledge of Allegiance, as legislators convene in a limited number while exercising social distancing, due to the new coronavirus pandemic, at the State Capitol in Baton Rouge, La.,  March 31, 2020. They assembled briefly on the last day bills could be introduced during the legislative session.Medical personnel take people out of the Gallatin Center for Rehabilitation and Healing on Monday, March 30, 2020, in Gallatin Tenn. As of Sunday, 74 residents and 33 staff members at the facility has tested positive for COVID-19, according to a spokesperson for Gov. Bill Lee.  People prepare places to sleep in area marked by painted boxes on the ground of a parking lot at a makeshift camp for the homeless, March 30, 2020, in Las Vegas. Officials opened part of a parking lot as a makeshift homeless shelter after a local shelter closed when a man staying there tested positive for the coronavirus.A postal service carrier dons gloves as he delivers mail in  Jackson, Miss., March 30, 2020.Workers set up a camp in front of Mount Sinai West Hospital inside Central Park on March 29, 2020 in New York City.

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Coronavirus updates: CDC advisory committee recommends Moderna vaccine; UK imposes tough lockdowns due to possible new strain

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LIVE UPDATES: Moderna gets the green light: FDA formally grants emergency approval for second coronavirus vacc

The Food and Drug Administration issued an emergency authorization Friday for a second coronavirus vaccine produced by Moderna for people ages 18 and younger, the agency said Friday. 

An independent advisory panel to the FDA voted to endorse Moderna’s shot Thursday. The U.S. surpassed 17 million total cases on Thursday, according to Johns Hopkins University.

“With the availability of two vaccines now for the prevention of COVID-19, the FDA has taken another crucial step in the fight against this global pandemic that is causing vast numbers of hospitalizations and deaths in the United States each day,” said FDA Commissioner Stephen M. Hahn. “Through the FDA’s open and transparent scientific review process, two COVID-19 vaccines have been authorized in an expedited timeframe while adhering to the rigorous standards for safety, effectiveness, and manufacturing quality needed to support emergency use authorization that the American people have come to expect from the FDA.”

    FDA advisory panel vote to endorse Moderna vaccine Thursday was 20-0. One committee member abstained. 

    Committee members voted to endorse the vaccine’s use in individuals ages 18 and older, while Pfizer received emergency approval last week for those ages 16 and up.

Vice President Mike Pence, his wife and U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams all rolled their sleeves Friday morning and received the recently approved Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine on live television. 

The vaccinations were administered following a breaking report from top officials at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that the agency is “rapidly working” to approve Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine.

Follow below for the latest updates on the coronavirus pandemic. Mobile users click here.


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COVID-19 vaccine timeline: When will they be distributed and how?

With the dark winter months looming, there’s one glimmer of hope in the fight against the COVID-19 crisis.

Two, to be exact.

Vaccine candidates from Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech, and from Moderna have shown to be 95 percent effective in ongoing trials.

The promising results have prompted both drugmakers to seek approval from the Food and Drug Administration for emergency use — with the shots expected to be distributed within 24 hours if given the green light.

But while federal health officials remain optimistic that help is on the way, the availability of vaccines doesn’t equate to an immediate cure to coronavirus.

Here is a realistic timeline of when an effective vaccine could be on tap for all Americans.

When will a vaccine be available?

Millions of doses of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines should be available to certain groups by the end of December, according to Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar.

“We expect to have about 40 million doses of these two vaccines available for distribution pending FDA authorization — enough to vaccinate about 20 million of our most vulnerable Americans,” Azar said at a Nov. 18 press briefing. “And production of course would continue to ramp up after that.”

Globally, Pfizer has said it could have 50 million doses by year’s end.

A different projection, according to information presented to the National Academy of Medicine in late November, said about 25 million doses could become available in the US in December, 30 million in January and 35 million more in February and March.

The Trump administration’s Operation Warp Speed has worked with states to determine how many doses they’ll need to cover the populations offered a vaccine first.

Azar said once the FDA gives the green light, millions of doses will be shipped within the first 24 hours.

“So my message is hope and help are on the way,” he said.

Emergency approval from the FDA, however, is not the same as full approval, meaning anyone who gets the shot will receive a “fact sheet” listing the potential benefits and risks as the studies continue, Dr. Marion Gruber told the Associated Press.

How will vaccines be distributed and who will get them first?

Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices will have the final say on who gets first dibs, and Azar has said the initial batch of vaccinations will go to the “most vulnerable Americans” first.

That committee is following guidance from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, which advises divvying up the vaccine distribution in phases.

The first phase includes front-line health workers and first responders, people with underlying conditions that put them at high risk of serious illness, and adults age 65 and older living in overcrowded settings, including nursing homes, homeless shelters, prisons, jails and long-term health care facilities.

Phase one makes up about 15 percent of the US population.

Phase two encompasses K-12 teachers, school staff, child care workers, people with underlying conditions that put them at moderately higher risk, public transit workers, those in the food supply system, and those in homeless shelters or group homes, and prison and jail inmates, as well as staffers there. These groups make up about 30 to 35 percent of the population.

Phase three — which covers about 40 to 45 percent of Americans — includes young adults, children and workers in industries such as hotels, banks, higher education, gyms and factories. However, the guidance says immunization of children will depend on safety testing.

All other Americans not included in the first three phases are covered in phase four.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert, said average, healthy Americans could expect to get their first doses as early as April and through July, he told USA Today.

How much will the vaccines cost?

The federal government, which has a $1.95 billion contract to buy millions of Pfizer-BioNTech doses, as well those from other successful candidates, has promised the shots will be free.

That said, Pfizer-BioNTech has set an initial price at $19.50 a dose, while Moderna, which has a $1.5 billion contract for 100 million doses, will cost taxpayers $25 a dose, Forbes reported.

Two doses three weeks apart are needed for full immunization.

Will a vaccine offer complete protection against COVID-19?

Immunization may keep you from getting severely ill but “won’t necessarily prevent you from getting infected,” Fauci said.

“The issue is that you’re not going to be completely protected against a degree of infection that you might not even notice that you might be able to spread to others,” the top doc said in a virtual chat with the Hastings Center.

“Which is the reason why the message you may have heard me say over the last couple weeks in the media is that getting vaccinated with a highly efficacious vaccine does not mean that you’re going to abandon completely public health measures.”

It will also take time to build up herd immunity, when a large portion of a population becomes immune to a disease, through vaccination — and that’s only if enough people decide to get jabbed.

A poll in August found that 35 percent of respondents said they won’t get a coronavirus vaccine when one becomes available.

But if most of the US is vaccinated by summer and fall, Fauci said we can then look toward getting back to normal.

“Then you can start talking about this umbrella or blanket of protection on society that would diminish dramatically the risk of a person being exposed or even being infected,” he told USA Today. “When so many people are protected, that’s when you get into the real herd immunity.”

How long does it typically take to develop a vaccine?

Outside of the backdrop of a deadly pandemic, vaccines typically take more than 10 years to develop, according to the British health charity Wellcome Trust.

The first two to five years is usually dominated by discovery research, which includes the development of up to 100 potential vaccines, according to the charity.

The preclinical phase then takes about two years to complete, in which about 20 vaccine candidates are moved to the next round.

Phase three is when human trials are conducted and could take between 5 and 9 years as scientists figure out if the vaccine is safe, activates an immune response and protects against the disease.

The final phase, which is seeking regulatory review and approval, can typically take about one to two years.

The race for a COVID-19 vaccine is charging along at warp speed, however, scientists also aren’t starting from scratch, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Past research on severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) vaccines gave drugmakers a leg-up in determining potential approaches when vaccine development started earlier this year, the medical center said.

In the early twentieth century, it took scientists about 19 years to develop an effective vaccine for yellow fever, Business Insider reported.

The chickenpox vaccine took 28 years to develop and the polio vaccine took six years, according to William Petri, an infectious diseases specialist at the University of Virginia, writing in The Conversation.

For the measles vaccine, the virus was first isolated in 1954 but an effective immunization — which treated measles, mumps and rubella — didn’t come out until 1971, according to the History of Vaccines, which is linked on the CDC’s website.

The mumps vaccine — which was developed in four years by pharmaceutical company Merck — was the fastest to be approved for human use, according to the Washington Post.

With Post wires


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December 19 coronavirus news

Syringes and vials of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine are prepared to be administered to front-line health care workers in Reno, Nevada, on December 17.Syringes and vials of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine are prepared to be administered to front-line health care workers in Reno, Nevada, on December 17. Patrick T. Fallon/AFP/Getty Images

US Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams on Saturday encouraged the public to get educated about Covid-19 vaccines.

“We all have more information on these vaccines, at the point of administering them to the public, than we’ve had for any vaccine in history,” Adams said during a news conference hosted by Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine.

Adams said he got vaccinated publicly to help instill trust in Covid-19 vaccines.

“My arm feels fine. It’s a little bit sore, but no more sore than when I had the flu shot. I didn’t have any side effects at all,” Adams said, noting that it is normal for people to experience a low fever, headache or fatigue after receiving the vaccine.

Adams encouraged the public to seek out information about the vaccines.

“It’s okay to have questions. It’s okay to ask questions,” he said. “What is not okay is to let misinformation or mistrust cause you to make a decision which is going to be bad for your health, or your family’s health, or your community’s health.”

“This vaccine is almost 100% certain to prevent you or your loved one from getting severe disease,” Adams added. “It is the way we end this pandemic.”

A large effort: The US is leveraging every bit of authority and power it has to produce Covid-19 vaccines, Adams said. 

“I can tell you, with every degree of certainty from being on the Coronavirus Task Force, that we are doing everything we can to produce these vaccines as quickly as possible,” Adams said during a news conference hosted by Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine.

Adams said the US is on track to have 20 million vaccine doses by the end of December; 50 million by the end of January and 100 million by the end of February.

“That is half of the adult US population,” Adams noted.

He added that he’s more concerned about vaccine confidence than he is about vaccine supply.

“We’ve got to go from vaccines to vaccinations,” Adams said.

 


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December 19 coronavirus news

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Dec. 10 Coronavirus updates: Weekly initial jobless claims surge to 853,000

Dec. 10 Coronavirus updates: Weekly initial jobless claims surge to 853,000

Rachel Bluth, Kaiser Health News and Phil Galewitz, Kaiser Health News

10d ago / 10:32 AM UTC

Farmworkers, firefighters and flight attendants jockey for vaccine priority

With front-line health workers and nursing home residents and staff members expected to get the initial doses of Covid-19 vaccines, the thornier question is figuring out who goes next.

The answer will likely depend on where you live.

While an influential federal advisory board is expected to make its recommendations this month, state health departments and governors will make the calls on who gets access to a limited number of vaccines this winter.

As a result, it has been a free-for-all in recent weeks as manufacturers, grocers, bank tellers, dentists and drive-share companies all jostle to get spots near the front of the line.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices voted 13-1 this month to give first vaccination priority to health care workers and residents of long-term care facilities after one or more Covid-19 vaccines are approved for emergency use by the Food and Drug Administration. The advisory committee is expected to provide further details of its list of prioritized recipients before year’s end.

Its next recommendations are likely to focus on prioritizing people who keep society functioning, like workers in food and agriculture, public safety and education. Older people and those with chronic diseases are also considered to be high on the list.

Read full story here.

Reuters

9d ago / 11:24 AM UTC

Sanofi and GSK delay Covid-19 vaccine, marking setback for global fight

Sanofi and GlaxoSmithKline said clinical trials of their Covid-19 vaccine showed an insufficient immune response in older people, delaying its launch to late next year and marking a setback in the global fight against the pandemic.

The announcement on Friday, which highlighted the challenges of developing shots at record speed, hinders efforts to develop the multiple options that experts say the world needs to counter a disease that has killed over 1.5 million people.

The news, which came on the same day as Australia axed a domestic vaccine project, is also a blow for many governments that have booked hundreds of millions of doses of the shot, including the European Union, United States and Britain.

The two companies said they planned to start another study next February, hoping to come up with a more effective vaccine by the end of 2021.

The setback affects one of the most established technologies in vaccines — used against the human papillomavirus, hepatitis B and pertussis among other pathogens — which aims to introduce lab-made proteins into the body to prod the immune system into developing a targeted defense against the novel coronavirus.

It cements the lead of more novel approaches used by vaccines from the likes of Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, which use mRNA genetic technology to trick the body into producing those proteins. Both of those shots were found to be about 95 percent effective in successful large-scale trials.

Reuters

10d ago / 6:41 AM UTC

Pope’s Christmas midnight Mass to shift earlier because of curfew

ROME — Pope Francis will celebrate Midnight Mass at 7:30 p.m. this year to comply with Italy’s anti-coronavirus curfew.

He’ll also deliver his Christmas Day blessing indoors to prevent crowds from forming in St. Peter’s Square.

The Dec. 24 Mass has for years been celebrated not at midnight but at 9:30 p.m. to spare pontiffs from the late hour. But this year it will be bumped up two hours earlier, according to the pope’s Christmas liturgical schedule released Thursday by the Vatican.

Italy has imposed a 10 p.m. nationwide curfew, restaurant closures and other restrictions to cut down on crowds forming after a surge in coronavirus cases and deaths this fall.

Francis will celebrate New Year’s Eve vespers and New Year’s Day Mass in the basilica. None of the services will be open to the public.

10d ago / 6:30 AM UTC

Marvel comic book honors superhero nurses saving lives

Phil Helsel

10d ago / 6:14 AM UTC

3,110 Covid deaths reported across the U.S. on Thursday

The United States on Thursday broke another single-day record for Covid-19 cases and deaths, according to NBC News’ count.

Nearly 230,000 new infections and 3,110 deaths were reported.  

It was the eighth day in December that saw more than 200,000 new cases; the first was Dec. 2. There have been only two days so far this month in which daily reported cases did not break that threshold.

The new record for deaths came just one day after the previous was set. On Wednesday, 3,102 deaths were reported, according to NBC News’ count.

Overall, the U.S. has seen more than 15.6 million cases of Covid-19, and more than 292,900 people have died.

10d ago / 4:50 AM UTC

Delaware adopts new rules as cases surge

Phil Helsel

10d ago / 4:21 AM UTC

Miami to enforce nightly curfew

Miami’s city commission on Thursday voted to enforce a county curfew that lasts from midnight to 6 a.m., starting this weekend.

“The Miami Police Department will be enforcing the curfew and violators — whether individuals or business establishments — are subject to fines and other enforcement actions,” the city said in a statement.

City Commissioner Joe Carollo introduced the resolution to resume enforcement after a personal warning from a health system CEO that hospitals could soon be overwhelmed with Covid-19 cases, NBC Miami reported. In October, the city commission had voted to stop enforcing the county’s curfew, so Thursday’s vote means it will again begin doing so.

 

10d ago / 2:40 AM UTC

The Associated Press

10d ago / 2:06 AM UTC

Texas county gets trucks to hold bodies amid surge

FORT WORTH, Texas  — A North Texas medical examiner’s office has brought in two refrigerated trucks to store dead bodies in response to low capacity amid a surge in coronavirus cases.

Many of the hospitals and larger funeral homes in the Fort Worth area have reached their storage capacity or will soon, said Nizam Peerwani, Tarrant County’s chief medical examiner.

The Tarrant County Medical Examiner’s Office, which has a capacity normally of 100 bodies, said each truck can store 50 bodies.

Officials expect to start using the trucks in the next few days.

10d ago / 1:22 AM UTC

Duke men’s basketball cancels remaining nonconference games

The Associated Press

10d ago / 1:11 AM UTC

World carbon dioxide emissions drop 7% in pandemic-hit 2020

A locked-down, pandemic-struck world cut its carbon dioxide emissions this year by 7 percent, the biggest drop ever, new preliminary figures show.

The Global Carbon Project, an authoritative group of dozens of international scientists who track emissions, calculated that the world will have put 37 billion U.S. tons of carbon dioxide in the air in 2020. That’s down from 40.1 billion tons in 2019, according to a study published Thursday in the journal Earth System Science Data.

Scientists say this drop is chiefly because people are staying home, traveling less by car and plane, and that emissions are expected to jump back up after the pandemic ends. Ground transportation makes up about one-fifth of emissions of carbon dioxide, the chief man-made heat-trapping gas.

Emissions dropped 12 percent in the United States and 11 percent in Europe but only 1.7 percent in China.


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Coronavirus updates: CDC advisory committee recommends Moderna vaccine; UK imposes tough lockdowns due to possible new strain

Coronavirus updates: CDC advisory committee recommends Moderna vaccine; UK imposes tough lockdowns due to possible new strain

CLOSE

Vice President Mike Pence received the COVID-19 vaccine on December 18. USA TODAY

USA TODAY is keeping track of the news surrounding COVID-19 as vaccines begin to roll out nationwide. Just this week, the U.S. marked the stark milestone of more than 17 million cases and 300,000 deaths since the beginning of the pandemic. Keep refreshing this page for the latest updates on vaccine distribution, including who is getting the shots and where, as well as other COVID-19 news from across the USA TODAY Network. Sign up for our Coronavirus Watch newsletter for updates directly to your inbox, join our Facebook group or scroll through our in-depth answers to reader questions for everything you need to know about the coronavirus.

In the headlines:

► Distribution of Moderna’s newly-authorized vaccine began Saturday and will arrive to states Monday, said Gen. Gustave Perna, chief operating officer of Operation Warp Speed. Meanwhile, the U.S. government is on track to deliver 20 million doses of both vaccines to states by the first week of January. 

► Tennessee’s First Lady Maria Lee has tested positive for COVID-19, according to Gov. Bill Lee’s office. Maria Lee learned of the positive test result Saturday afternoon after she “began exhibiting mild symptoms of COVID-19,” according to a statement from the governor.

► Stimulus talks stalled Saturday. As the hours ticked down towards another government shutdown deadline, senators deadlocked over Republicans’ insistence a provision ending certain emergency Federal Reserve powers be included in the bill.

► States this week found themselves scrambling to adjust as they received word they would get between 20% and 40% less vaccine next week than they had been told as late as Dec. 9. After days of confusion, the source of the problem was finally clarified Friday night: States were given estimates based on vaccine doses produced, not those that had been OK’d.

► A U.S. college student and her boyfriend have been sentenced to four months in prison in the Cayman Islands for violating strict COVID-19 measures.

► Santa Claus may be immune to COVID-19 but he now has an extra layer of protection thanks to Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s leading infectious disease expert. Fauci told children watching a ‘Sesame Street’ town hall put on by CNN Saturday that he vaccinated Kris Kringle himself.

► Minnesota State Sen. Jerry Relph, who represented the city of St. Cloud, died Thursday. He tested positive for the coronavirus on Nov. 13, but his cause of death is unknown at this time.

► The U.K. is imposing stricter lockdowns to curb rapidly spreading infections — possibly linked to a new strain of the virus identified this week. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said Saturday that nonessential shops, hairdressers and indoor leisure venues will be closed. “It is with a very heavy heart that I must tell you we cannot proceed with Christmas as planned,” Johnson said.

► President-elect Joe Biden and his wife, Jill, will be getting their first dose of the coronavirus vaccine on Monday, according to Biden’s incoming press secretary, Jen Psaki. Among high-profile politicians to receive the vaccine Friday: Vice President Mike Pence, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell.

Today’s numbers: The U.S. has more than 17.6 million coronavirus cases and more than 316,000 deaths, according to Johns Hopkins University data. The global totals: More than 76 million cases and 1.6 million deaths. 

Here’s a closer look at today’s top stories:

CDC advisory committee recommends Moderna vaccine

An important public health committee voted unanimously Saturday to recommend Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine for people 18 years old and older.

The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices is an outside committee that advises the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Its recommendations are used to set the vaccination schedule for the United States.

“Safety has been a paramount focus,” said Dr. José Romero, committee chair and a professor of pediatric infectious diseases at the University of Arkansas.

The recommendation now goes to CDC director Dr. Robert Redfield for a signature.

The Moderna vaccine was authorized by the Food and Drug Administration on Friday and will begin to arrive in all 50 states on Monday.

– Elizabeth Weise

Moderna vaccine distribution begins, will be delivered Monday

Packages of the Moderna coronavirus vaccine, authorized on Friday, are being packaged Saturday for delivery on Monday, Gen. Gustave Perna, chief operating officer of Operation Warp Speed, said.

“Distribution of Moderna vaccine has already begun,” Perna said at a Saturday morning news briefing.

The vaccine is being manufactured for Moderna in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, by Lonza, a Swiss-based pharmaceutical manufacturing company. From there, it will be distributed by McKesson, a medical supply company. McKesson will pack the vaccine, which comes in 10-dose vials, into special thermal shipping boxes that can maintain the necessary standard refrigerator temperature of 26 to 35 degrees Fahrenheit.

Those boxes will be packed onto UPS and FedEx trucks to begin the transportation, which will have them delivered to all 50 states by Monday.

“Trucks will begin rolling out tomorrow, from FedEx and UPS, delivering vaccines and kits to the American people across the United States,” Perna said.

He said 2.9 million doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine have been delivered and that the U.S. government is on track to deliver 20 million doses to states by the first week of January. That number includes both Pfizer and Moderna doses.

– Elizabeth Weise

As COVID-19 vaccine rolls out, undocumented immigrants fear retribution

After years of isolationist and punitive immigration policies from the Trump administration, many immigrants — whose physical and fiscal health has, along with many people of color, been disproportionately impacted by the pandemic —  might be unwilling to come forward and get vaccinated. 

COVID-19 has been particularly merciless to Black, Hispanic and Asian Americans for reasons that include poverty, preexisting health conditions and front-line jobs. This demographic includes many immigrants, with the vast majority of those undocumented hailing from Mexico and Central America. Many of them are critical to farming and meatpacking, and their illness and death represent both a human tragedy and an economic blow.

“The vaccine must be fully available to undocumented Americans, if not, it will put all of us at risk,” said Manuel Pastor, head of the Equity Research Institute at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, which uses data and analysis to dissect equity issues. Read more here.

– Marco della Cava, Daniel Gonzalez and Rebecca Plevin, USA TODAY Network

How will big cities change after COVID-19?

With the COVID-19 vaccine beginning to roll out, how the biggest cities in the United States — economic engines and cultural cauldrons such as San Francisco, New York, Los Angeles, Boston and Miami — return from the deadliest global health crisis in a century may in some ways foreshadow how the United States bounces back.

Urban planners, economists and architects share a resoundingly positive consensus. They say that buoyed by a younger demographic drawn to jobs, social opportunities and public services, cities will survive this crisis much as they did the Spanish Flu of 1918 and the terrorist attacks on 9/11, an echo of European capitals’ resilience after the bubonic plague of the 1300s and cholera outbreak of the early 1800s. 

Some even posit that a year from now the United States might be in the midst of a new Roaring ‘20s, a reference to giddy good times that followed the Spanish Flu.

Part of that growth will depend on how quickly and effectively cities pivot in the wake of a landscape-altering pandemic. A lot of that will depend on how fast municipal financial coffers, depleted by lost real estate and sales tax revenue, fill back up or whether federal aid comes to the rescue. Read more here.

– Marco della Cava

Democrats in Congress ask CDC to list educators as critical group for vaccine

A Friday letter obtained by USA TODAY and signed by 25 Democratic members of Congress urges the director of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to list K-12 teachers and school personnel among the groups of critical workers who will be prioritized in vaccine distribution. 

Teachers getting sick from COVID-19 or quarantining because of exposure to the virus has been a major hurdle to keeping schools open in recent months. The letter says that vaccinating teachers will make it easier to reopen schools while also protecting educators, who put themselves at a greater risk for contracting the virus when they teach in-person.

“Prioritizing COVID- 19 vaccinations for K-12 educators and school personnel recognizes the essential work of these professionals, enables a safer return to in-person instruction, and provides the means necessary for tens of millions of workers to breathe life into the American economy,” the letter says.

The letter, addressed to CDC director Robert Redfield, acknowledges states have the final say in vaccination distribution, but the federal agency’s guidance helps shape those policies.

Contributing: The Associated Press

Community Health Supervisor Cordelia Abel-Johnson, right, receives one of the first COVID-19 Phizer vaccination in the state of Nevada at the Reno-Sparks Tribal Health Center in Reno on Dec. 16, 2020. The vaccination is seen being administered by Registered Nurse Veronica Crawford.Madalynn Brooks, 7, of Canadohta Lake, visits with Santa Claus at the Millcreek Mall, Saturday, Dec. 12, 2020, in Millcreek Township, Pa. Santa, portrayed by Lenny Chatt, 73, of Lawrence Park, was seated behind a sheet of plexiglass due to COVID-19 safety measures.Vaughn McClelland helps bag sack lunches for delivery to students at the Central City Community School cafeteria in Central City, Iowa, on Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. Central City CSD is virtual this week after Thanksgiving to help mitigate the spread of the coronavirus, and McClelland and other staff members are delivering lunches to students.President-elect Joe Biden speaks to members of the media as he departs after holding a news conference to introduce his nominees and appointees to economic policy posts at The Queen theater, Tuesday, Dec. 1, 2020, in Wilmington, Del.Hannah Brooks, 16, left, and Alyssia Palmer, 15, plant flags beside First Congregational Church in Columbus in remembrance of those lost to COVID-19 with each flag representing 1,000 American deaths, on Nov. 28, 2020.People line up to be tested for COVID-19 at a testing site at FITTEAM Ballpark of the Palm Beaches  in West Palm Beach, Florida on  November 24, 2020.Large shields separate hair styling stations during the COVID-19 pandemic at Salon Fusion by Loren, Agana Shopping Center.EMT Giselle Dorgalli, second from right, looks at a monitor while performing chest compression on a patient who tested positive for coronavirus in the emergency room at Providence Holy Cross Medical Center in the Mission Hills section of Los Angeles, Thursday, Nov. 19, 2020.Low-level inmates from El Paso County detention facility work loading bodies wrapped in plastic into a refrigerated temporary morgue trailer in a parking lot of the El Paso County Medical Examiner's office on November 16, 2020 in El Paso, Texas. The inmates, who are also known as trustees, are volunteering for the work and earn $2 per hour amid a surge of COVID-19 cases in El Paso.A nurse puts on personal protective equipment as she prepares to enter a COVID-19 patient's room inside IU Health Methodist in April.Jeff Sutter wipes down machines at Life Time Beachwood, Thursday, Nov. 12, 2020, in Beachwood, Ohio. Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine's statewide address urging Ohioans to take the coronavirus more seriously included threats to close bars, restaurants and gyms for a second time while stopping short of the type of severe crackdowns implemented in the spring. Family and friends gather at Getz Funeral Home in Las Cruces on Friday Nov. 6, 2020, for a funeral for Thomas Mobley Jr. Mobely died Monday from complications due to COVID-19.Registered Nurse Daniel Corral works with a Covid-19 patient Thursday, November, 6, 2020 at the El Paso LTAC Hospital.Cindy Martinez of Fond du Lac. looks at pictures of two of her three sons who died from drug overdoses. She was laid off from her job during the COVID-19 Safer at Home order, found another job and uses her life experience to mentor young women who suffer from emotional trauma.Cars with seniors drive by hot air balloons during the 5th annual Golden Years Jamboree, a drive-through event at the balloon launch field near the Anderson Civic Center  in Anderson, S.C. Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2020. The annual jamboree was originally scheduled for last July, but was postponed as governments responded to the threat of COVID-19 by postponing events, and in many cases cancelling them. The seniors held their event, with over 100 cars with seniors driving through.  Tommy Forrest, Director of Upstate Quilts of Valor Upstate South Carolina, wears a mask quilted with lips before receiving the 24th annual Jo Brown Senior of the Year award, during the 5th annual Golden Years Jamboree, a drive-through event at the balloon launch field near the Anderson Civic Center Wednesday, Nov. 4, 2020. Hope and Walter Larkin, the children of DC National Guard Captain Matthew Larkin, helping place white flags among The IN AMERICA: How Could This Happen art project installed on the DC Armory Parade Ground and created by artist Suzanne Firstenberg. The project opened to the public on Friday, October 23, 2020 in Washington, DC honoring each of the nearly 225,000 lives lost in the U.S. due to COVID-19 with a white flag.Residents of Cuyahoga county, separated by plastic due to health concerns amid the coronavirus pandemic, fill out paper ballots for early, in person voting at the board of elections office in downtown Cleveland, Ohio on Oct. 16, 2020. Ivanka Trump, an advisor to President Donald Trump and his daughter, places an order at Graeter's ice cream shop in Mariemont, Ohio, after speaking at a campaign rally, Friday, Oct. 16, 2020, in Cincinnati.On Thursday morning, Oct. 15th, 2020, Deanna Hair is discharged from the University of Michigan hospital in Ann Arbor, Mich. with help from her husband, Ken Hair, who pushes her in a wheelchair after being there for 195 days battling COVID (She was admitted on April 2nd). Her survival is nothing short of a miracle and is very possibly the longest COVID hospitalization for a survivor in the state, if not nationally - longer. Hair's family and friends gather in front of the hospital to give her a surprise send off from the hospital.Maureen Ustenci wears a mask while looking into a tank at the California Academy of Sciences, which reopened today to limited capacity to members and donors, in San Francisco, Oct. 13, 2020. Ten California counties were cleared to ease coronavirus restrictions Tuesday, including some in the Central Valley that saw major case spikes over the summer, but the state's top health official warned that upcoming Halloween celebrations pose a risk for renewed spread.A glass of clean pens stands next to a glass for dirty pens outside a news conference with Colorado governor Jared Polis about the state's spike in cases of the new coronavirus, Oct. 13, 2020, in Denver.Ballet student Micah Sparrow dances in a classroom at the Texas Ballet Theatre, Oct. 7, 2020, in Fort Worth, Texas. For many, it's not Christmas without the dance of Clara, Uncle Drosselmeyer, the Sugar Plum Fairy, the Mouse King and, of course, the Nutcracker Prince. But this year the coronavirus pandemic has canceled performances of “The Nutcracker” around the U.S. and Canada, eliminating a major and reliable source of revenue for dance companies already reeling financially following the essential shutdown of their industry.Brian Lalor mans the thermal temperature check station for employees coming in to work at Amazon's Shakopee, Minn., fulfillment center, Oct. 8, 2020, amid the coronavirus pandemic.Free drive-thru testing for COVID-19 was offered 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. on Friday, Sept. 25, at Sanford High School, and was available to all SHS and Sanford Regional Technical Center students and staff. Maine CDC opened an outbreak investigation related to the school, where school officials say there have been 13 cases of the virus.The Broome High School marching bands is coping with COVID-19 regulations and ready for this year's demanding band season.  Band Director William Moon leads his band in practice on Sept. 22, 2020 in Spartanburg, SC. Here William Moon, left, works with Reagan Bishop to prepare for practice.Mark Beaumont participates in a vigil near Trump International Golf Club Sunday night September 20, 2020 in West Palm Beach as the United States approaches 200,000 deaths caused by Covid-19.Live events industry workers push empty cases from Marquee Theatre to Tempe Beach Park on Sept. 22, 2020, in Tempe, Ariz. The rally was held to show the impact of COVID-19 on the live events industry and its workers.Volunteers place 200,000 American flags to memorialize deaths due to COVID-19 on the National Mall on Sept. 21, 2020.Barback Jaime Torres (L) and bartender Brandi Sterner make drinks after the bartop opened for the first time at Lucky Day bar in the Fremont East Entertainment District on Sept. 21, 2020 in Las Vegas, Nev. Last week, Nevada's COVID-19 Mitigation and Management Task Force voted to allow bars and lounges in Clark County to reopen at 11:59 p.m. on Sunday because of declining coronavirus numbers. The vote removes the last of the bar closure orders re-imposed by Nevada Gov. Steve Sisolak in July due to increasing COVID-19 cases. Venues have to observe COVID-19 safety protocols and operate at half capacity, maintain social distancing between guests and employees and patrons must wear face coverings indoors. This is the first time Lucky Day will be open as a bar because it opened during the shutdown.To prevent the spread of COVID-19, Ethan Johnson, right, sprays hand sanitizer on the hands of a customer entering the Micro Center computer department store in Dallas, Sept. 21, 2020.Ella Powell waits in line to vote early at the Hampton registrar's satellite office located at the city's former circuit courthouse on Kings Way Friday morning, Sept. 18, 2020, in Hampton, Va. Early voting continues through Oct. 31.A Model walks the runway for the Christian Siriano Collection 37 2020 Fashion Show on Sept. 17, 2020 in Westport, Conn.Visitors pass a hand sanitizer dispensing station as they visit Zoo Miami, Tuesday, Sept. 15, 2020, in Miami. The zoo reopened Tuesday as Miami-Dade and Broward counties moved to Phase 2 of reopening on Monday.An instructor helps a student with her online school lesson at a desk separated from others by plastic barriers at STAR Eco Station Tutoring & Enrichment Center on September 10, 2020 in Culver City, California. - California public school students will continue to learn at home, in private learning pods, or at specialized enrichment centers like Star Eco Station as the coronavirus pandemic continues, after a lawsuit brought by the Orange County Board of Education seeking to compel the state to reopen public schools was shot down by the California Supreme Court on September 10.Inside the Franklin Public Library,  Assistant Youth Services Librarian Bree Comeau leads the Happy Feet Creative Movement and Dance Class Friday morning on zoom.  She has as many as 15 youngsters taking part. The library has instituted curbside pickup and drop off, but the library itself remains closed to the public due to the coronavirus.OffBrnd practices a dance routine at the Boston University Beach on Friday, Sept. 4, 2020.Whitney Byars wears a Christine Moore designed hat to the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs on Sept. 5, 2020.A waiter in a face mask takes the order of customers inside a local restaurant during lunch during the coronavirus pandemic on Friday, Sept. 4, 2020, in Hoboken, N.J.People roller skate along Venice Beach amid the COVID-19 pandemic on September 3, 2020 in Venice, California. Retailers are reporting high demand for roller skates as people search for outdoor activities amid lifestyle restrictions due to the coronavirus. According to Google data, roller skating related searches from March to May nearly quadrupled.A sign announcing COVID-19 pandemic health rules is displayed along the Venice Beach boardwalk where people sometimes roller skate on September 3, 2020 in Venice, California. Retailers are reporting high demand for roller skates as people search for outdoor activities amid lifestyle restrictions due to the coronavirus. According to Google data, roller skating related searches from March to May nearly quadrupled.Burnell Franklin, of Paterson, wipes down his workout area at Gold's Gym, which reopened to the public after being closed since March due to the Covid-19 pandemic in Totowa, N.J. on Tuesday Sept. 1, 2020.One of two swings is zip-tied to the top of the swing set in order to enforce distancing during a tour to highlight coronavirus precautions being implemented by Collier County Public Schools throughout the district at Mike Davis Elementary School near Golden Gate on Thursday, August 13, 2020.In this Aug. 11, 2020, file photo, women wear masks to help prevent the spread of coronavirus at the end of a beach day in Ogunquit, Maine.In this Aug. 20, 2020, file photo, Jemison band's flag girls wear masks as they cheer on their team at an Alabama high school football game between Jemison and Thorsby in Thorsby, Ala.Jamestown Fire Department’s 1947 Dodge pumper sending a message to residents in Jamestown, Rhode Island to mask up. It’s parked in front of JFD’s Bucky Caswell Memorial Museum on Narragansett Avenue in Jamestown. The fire engine was purchased by the department from the Block Island Fire Department in 2010 and restored by firefighter Lew Kitts. During the COVID-19 pandemic, Kitts and his engine have led many birthday parades, teacher/student appreciation processions and other celebrations for the town’s residents. Outside of COVID-19 related events, Kitts annually cruises the island’s neighborhoods with Santa or the Easter Bunny on board and normally would participate in Newport’s St. Patrick’s Day Parade and the Block Island 4th of July parade.Server Maddie Fink delivers a drink order Aug. 13 at the Clear Water Harbor Restaurant & Bar in Waupaca. Because of the coronavirus pandemic, more people than usual are pulling up their boats to the dock and ordering lunch while staying in their boats, said co-owner Maureen Mondello.PITTSBURGH, PA - AUGUST 18: Guests watch television coverage of the Democratic National Convention at a virtual DNC party overlooking the city on August 18, 2020 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. The convention, which was once expected to draw 50,000 people to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is now taking place virtually due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. (Photo by Jeff Swensen/Getty Images) ORG XMIT: 775548277 ORIG FILE ID: 1228100578FRANKLIN, TENNESSEE - AUGUST 20: Patrons watch a movie at AMC DINE-IN Thoroughbred 20 on August 20, 2020 in Franklin, Tennessee. AMC Theaters reopened more than 100 of its movie theaters across the United States today for the first time since closing in March because of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic with a 15-cent ticket price promotion and new safety precautions in place.  According to AMC, enhanced cleaning and safety protocols include disinfecting theaters before each show, mandatory face coverings for employees and customers, upgraded air filtration systems where possible, and high-touch points cleaned throughout the day. Hand sanitizer and disinfectant wipes are available throughout the theaters, auditoriums are at 40 percent capacity or less. (Photo by Jason Kempin/Getty Images) ORG XMIT: 775547103 ORIG FILE ID: 1267403617NEW YORK, NEW YORK - AUGUST 20: A woman wearing a yellow outfit with matching protective mask walks down the sidewalk as the city continues Phase 4 of re-opening following restrictions imposed to slow the spread of coronavirus on August 20, 2020 in New York City. The fourth phase allows outdoor arts and entertainment, sporting events without fans and media production. (Photo by Cindy Ord/Getty Images) ORG XMIT: 775526444 ORIG FILE ID: 1267433271Breakfast is handed out to students in Jessica Hicks’ second grade classroom at Norwood Elementary School in Oliver Springs, Tenn., on Monday, August 10, 2020. Anderson County Schools are starting on a staggered schedule on Aug. 10. Meko Gray, left, of the Erie Chapter of Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Inc., and Pastor Jim Parkinson of the First Methodist Church, go door-to-door Aug. 8, 2020 on East 19th Street in Erie, handing out masks and literature about COVID-19. The outreach event, organized by United Clergy of Erie, focused on the communities which have experienced high rates of COVID-19.A man  walks near a store window display featuring mannequins wearing protective masks as the New York City continues Phase 4 of re-opening following restrictions imposed to slow the spread of coronavirus on Aug. 8, 2020.Jonathan Lasanas, left, and Damian Pardo, right, pass out free meals during an event sponsored by the Gay8 Festival during the coronavirus pandemic, Aug. 7, 2020, in the Little Havana neighborhood in Miami. The Gay8 Festival is an annual Hispanic LGBTQ celebration in Little Havana.Shanika Williams wears a facemask as she delivers food in John Knox Village, a retirement community in Pompano Beach some 40 miles north of Miami, Fla. on Aug. 7, 2020.  About 900 retirees live in the John Knox Village senior community in Pompano Beach, South Florida. Of these, about 400 have learned to use technology to order food to their apartments, communicate with each other or participate in online social activities.Congregants wear face shields during the first-ever outdoor Ordination Mass at the Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels amid the COVID-19 pandemic on Aug. 8, 2020 in Los Angeles. Archbishop Gomez ordained eight new priests, known as the Pandemic Class of 2020, beneath a tent with social distancing in a rite delayed more than two months due to the spread of the coronavirus.People take an outdoor class at Pylo Fitness, with workout equipment set up on the sidewalk on La Brea Blvd, on Aug. 7 2020, in Los Angeles, California, amid the novel coronavirus pandemic.Election workers are spaced out and separated by screens for protection from the coronavirus as they open envelopes containing ballots for the Aug. 4 Washington state primary at King County Elections in Renton, Wash. on Aug. 3, 2020.Staff work to continually clean all communal surfaces in the hopes of nullifying any viral spread during pre-tournament action in the WGC-FedEx St. Jude Invitational at TPC Southwind on Wednesday, July 29, 2020 in Shelby County, Tenn.Seattle Mariners players kneel for social justice before a baseball game against the Houston Astros Friday, July 24, 2020, in Houston.A customer of Cosmo's barber shop receives a haircut in the parking lot in front of the shop on Wednesday, July 22, 2020, in Pleasanton, Calif.  Throughout May and June, California reopened much of its economy, and people resumed shopping in stores and dining in restaurants. But infections began to surge and a new round of business restrictions were imposed, including a ban on indoor dining in restaurants and bars.Noah Vasquez, of Margaritaville Hollywood Beach Resort, wears a face mask on the wave rider, July 19, 2020, in Hollywood, Fla., during the coronavirus pandemic.Juan Carlos, a host at Ocean 10 restaurant, stands at the entrance of the restaurant to turn customers away as a curfew from 8pm to 6am is put in place on July 18, 2020 in Miami Beach, Florida. The City of Miami Beach put the curfew back into place to fight the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19), which has spiked in recent days after the reopening of businesses.People wearing protective face masks walk along King St. on July 18, 2020 in Charleston, S.C.  South Carolina is struggling with a high percentage of positive coronavirus (COVID-19) test results.Artists Jack Schwab, and Debbie Wilger, wear their masks July 14, 2020, inside the Missouri Artists on Main store in downtown St. Charles, Mo. Schwab, 60, who makes silver jewelry, and Wilger, 63, a painter, are concerned about the uptick in coronavirus cases in St. Charles County, and say most customers in the store abide by their facial covering policy, but a few have left in anger because of it.

Artists Jack Schwab, and Debbie Wilger, wear their masks July 14, 2020, inside the Missouri Artists on Main store in downtown St. Charles, Mo. Schwab, 60, who makes silver jewelry, and Wilger, 63, a painter, are concerned about the uptick in coronavirus cases in St. Charles County, and say most customers in the store abide by their facial covering policy, but a few have left in anger because of it. Jim Salter, AP

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Afework Meshesha, right, pushes his daughter Yohanna while she rides a swing at a playground, Saturday, July 11, 2020, in Los Angeles. The number of deaths per day from the coronavirus in the U.S. had been falling for months, and even remained down as some states saw explosions in cases. But now a long-expected upturn has begun, driven by fatalities in states in the South and West.Aubrey Prugger bags groceries for a customer while wearing a face covering at MaMa Jean's Natural Market on Republic Road in Springfield, Illinois to slow the spread of COVID-19 on Friday, July 10, 2020.Guests wearing protective masks wait outside the Magic Kingdom theme park at Walt Disney World on the first day of reopening, in Orlando, Florida, on July 11, 2020.A mall employee sanitizes high touch surfaces as hoppers return to the Palisades Center in West Nyack, Friday, July 10, 2020.St. Louis Cardinals pitcher Carlos Martinez watches during baseball practice at Busch Stadium Tuesday, July 7, 2020, in St. Louis.Healthcare workers Peggy Quartrman (L) and Tiffany Burke prepare to register patients during the COVID-19 drive-thru testing at the Duke Energy for the Arts Mahaffey Theater on July 8, 2020 in St. Petersburg, Florida. The Pinellas County Government partnered with state and local health care agencies to open a COVID-19 testing site while the state undergoes another surge in coronavirus cases.Candace Sanders, right, sits behind a plastic curtain while getting a pedicure at HT&V Nails in the Harlem section of New York, Monday, July 6, 2020. Nail salons and dog runs were back in business on Monday as New York City entered a new phase in the easing of coronavirus restrictions, but indoor restaurant dining will be postponed indefinitely in order to prevent a spike in new infections.Lines of cars wait at a drive-through coronavirus testing site, Sunday, July 5, 2020, outside Hard Rock Stadium in Miami Gardens, Fla. Florida health officials say the state has reached a grim milestone: more than 200,000 people have tested positive for the novel coronavirus since the start of the outbreak.A pedestrian, wearing a mask to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus, walks down Miami Beach, Florida's famed Ocean Drive on South Beach, July 4, 2020. The Fourth of July holiday weekend began Saturday with some sobering numbers in the Sunshine State: Florida logged a record number of people testing positive for the coronavirus.People wearing face coverings walk past the closed Santa Monica Pier amid the COVID-19 pandemic on July 3, 2020 in Santa Monica, California. Los Angeles County beaches and piers will be closed starting today through the July 4th holiday weekend amid some reinstated restrictions intended to slow the spread of the coronavirus.Participants Amy Saylor, left, leads her dog Josie during the Clemson Area PUP parade at Clemson Heritage Assisted Living in Central, S.C. Tuesday, June 30, 2020. A group of dogs led by Paws 2 Care of Greenville dressed in patriotic attire for a group of residents seated outdoors in the shade, and wished them a Happy Fourth of July. New Hampshire House of Representatives members gather for a legislative session on the drained hockey rink at the University of New Hampshire on Tuesday, June 30, 2020, in Durham, N.H. The N.H. House met for their scheduled final session of the year, with safety restrictions due to the COVID-19 virus outbreak.Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), joined by members of the Select Committee on the Climate Crisis, listens during a news conference outside the U.S. Capitol on June 30, 2020 in Washington, DC.  Pelosi joined her colleagues to unveil the Climate Crisis action plan, which calls for government mandates, tax incentives and new infrastructure to bring the U.S. economys greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050.Dozens wait in their cars at a drive-through COVID-19 testing site at Community Care clinic at the Hancock Center in Austin, Texas, on Saturday June 27, 2020.Entrance of a restaurant in Austin, Texas, on June 27, 2020.House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of Calif., wears a face mask as she arrives to speak at a news conference on Capitol Hill in Washington, Friday, June 26, 2020.Alcozy Payno-Gamble reads as she waits in line to vote in primary elections at the Nepperhan Community Center in Yonkers, N.Y. June 23, 2020. Despite the number of people who voted early by absentee ballot, election workers at the site said turnout was heavier than usual, which they attributed to the fact that there were fewer polling sites than usual throughout the city due to the COVID-19 pandemic.Restaurant set tables on Main street, closed to traffic, to create an outdoor dining area where people can enjoy lunch in Annapolis, Maryland, on June 21, 2020 - Visitors flock to Annapolis for the start of summer 2020 amid the coronavirus pandemic. Danielle Espinoza, right, listens as hairstylist Wendy Newsome, in Portland, Ore., provides a virtual guided haircut through Zoom during the coronavirus outbreak in San Francisco, Saturday, June 13, 2020. Manager Adam Smith of the Hanover Raiders, left, and manager Mike Kipe of the Hagerstown Braves, right,  stand at proper social distances with umpires Denny Rotz, center back, and Carl McKee before playing in game one of a doubleheader in the South Penn Baseball League at Diller Field on June 20, 2020 in Hanover, Pennsylvania. In their 55th season, the South Penn Baseball League resumed today after being delayed due to the COVID-19 pandemic and following Pennsylvania Gov. Tom Wolf issuing guidelines for recreational sports. Many other levels of baseball have been canceled or postponed due to coronavirus around the globe, including Major League Baseball. Rhode Island Democratic state Rep. Raymond Hull, below center, holds a microphone on the floor of the House Chamber while separated by plastic protective barriers at the start of a legislative session, Wednesday, June 17, 2020, at the Statehouse, in Providence, R.I. Wednesday's session was the first by the legislature to be held on the floor of the chamber since March of 2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic. People exercise at Inspire South Bay Fitness behind plastic sheets in their workout pods while observing social distancing on June 15, 2020 in Redondo Beach, Calif. as the gym reopens today under California's coronavirus Phase 3 reopening guidelines. Sonia Singh, the manager of Ashley 21 clothing store, tapes up a social distancing sign in Mount Vernon, N.Y., June 9, 2020. Counties north of New York City are reopening clothing stores as part of Phase 2 during the coronavirus pandemic.People ride the subway on the first day of phase one of the reopening after the coronavirus lockdown on June 8, 2020 in New York City. New York City enters phase one one hundred days after the first confirmed case of Covid-19.Nyasha Sarju sits as a Seattle Fire Department paramedic prepares to take a nasal swab sample to test for coronavirus at a testing site, Monday, June 8, 2020, in Seattle, after Sarju came in to be checked following her protesting over the past two weeks in the city. The new citywide testing program expanded testing criteria to include individuals who participated in demonstrations throughout the past week, where people who have been protesting the death of George Floyd, a black man who was died in police custody in Minneapolis on May 25.Joel Hernandez Valdez, the 100th patient to recover from COVID-19 at Banner Baywood Medical Center, is discharged on June 5, 2020, in Mesa, Ariz.Dealers in masks wait for customers before the reopening of the D Las Vegas hotel and casino, June 3, 2020, in Las Vegas. Casinos were allowed to reopen on Thursday after temporary closures as a precaution against the coronavirus. Residents cast their votes during the annual town meeting on June 2, 2020 in Worcester, Mass. The meeting was held on the Auburn High football field to adhere to social distancing guidelines due to COVID-19. USA;  Amanda Davidson helps her daughter, Lyle, put on her face mask after they got out of the pool at Rosewood Pool on Tuesday June 2, 2020.  Some city-owned swimming pools are reopening with reduced hours and capacity and with new rules to slow the spread of the coronavirus.  Guests must have their temperature taken and give their contact information before entering the facility, and they must wear face masks when outside the pool.  The pool closes every two hours for a 15-minute cleaning and disinfecting.Stylist Rachel Carter washes reporter Maggie Menderski's hair at the Neatbeat hair salon in Louisville, Ky. on May 27, 2020.  They are separated from other clients by newly installed plastic dividers.  Salons have recently reopened following the shutdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic.Lifeguard Mark Rerecich wears a mask as he watches over guests at Cowabunga Bay Water Park, which was allowed to open for the first time this weekend because of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on May 30, 2020 in Henderson, Nevada.Kalea Shippee, owner of Salon Meraki, in Brattleboro, Vt., works on dying the hair of Jen Delano on Friday, May 29, 2020. Friday was the first time the salon was allowed to open up since Vermont closed all hair salons and barbershops because of the COVID-19 pandemic.Artist Jorge Rodriguez-Gerada works on a 20,000-square foot mural of a health care worker in a parking lot in Flushing Meadows Corona Park in the Queens borough of New York on May 27, 2020.Surrounded by fellow House Republican members, House Minority Leader Rep. Kevin McCarthy (R-CA) speaks during a news conference outside the U.S. Capitol, May 27, 2020 in Washington, DC. Calling it unconstitutional, Republican leaders have filed a lawsuit against House Speaker Nancy Pelosi and congressional officials in an effort to block the House of Representatives from using a proxy voting system to allow for remote voting during the coronavirus pandemic.Invited guests listen as U.S. President Donald Trump speaks during an event on protecting seniors with diabetes, in the Rose Garden at the White House on May 26, 2020 in Washington, DC. The United States is closing in on 100,000 deaths in less than four months caused by the coronavirus.Rep. John Mark Windle, left, D-Livingston, wears a mask due to COVID-19 precautions during a meeting of the House K-12 subcommittee Tuesday, May 26, 2020, in Nashville, Tenn. Lawmakers resumed working inside the legislative facilities Tuesday.Illinois state Rep. Darren Bailey, R-Louisville, left, listens to Illinois House Minority Leader Jim Durkin, R-Western Springs, as they speak before the Illinois House of Representatives voted 81-27 to remove him from the House floor for not wearing a mask Wednesday, May 20, 2020. Some GOP members voted for his removal. The legislators are gathering at the center instead of in their chamber in the Illinois Capitol building a few blocks away because it affords more space for to practice social distancing amid the COVID-19 pandemic.Navajo Nation President Jonathan Nez, center, and Isaiah Tsosie, right, an office specialist with the Coyote Canyon chapter, move fresh food off a truck to be distributed to community members at a food distribution point before the start of a weekend long curfew, in Coyote Canyon, N.M., on the Navajo Nation on May 15, 2020. All businesses including the 13 grocery stores on the reservation were closed during the weekend long curfew to combat the new coronavirus pandemic. The Navajo Nation has been one of the hardest hit areas from the COVID-19 pandemic in the entire United States.Workers have nearly completed preparations for the arrival of Illinois state representatives at the Bank of Springfield Center in Springfield, Ill. on May 18, 2020, when the Illinois General Assembly returns to Springfield for three days to take up a spring session workload long delayed by the coronavirus pandemic. The House will gather at the downtown location instead of in their chamber in the Illinois Capitol building a few blocks away because it affords more space for legislators to practice social distancing. Candace Montgomery finishes a hair cut with Ralph Duncan of Anderson at Great Clips in Anderson, S.C. Monday, May 18, 2020. Gyms, salons, tattoo parlors and other close-contact businesses in the Upstate opened their doors Monday after an executive order closing them was lifted in South Carolina.A crew member in a mask looks on in the garage area prior to the NASCAR Cup Series The Real Heroes 400 at Darlington Raceway on May 17, 2020 in Darlington, South Carolina. NASCAR resumes the season after the nationwide lockdown due to the ongoing coronavirus (COVID-19).Rep. Abigail Spanberger (D-VA) helps to register families as they wait in line in their vehicles for food to be distributed by the group Empowering Culpeper at the Culpeper Sports Complex May 16, 2020 in Culpeper, Virginia.Joe Barnes, owner of Safe Spray Services, sprays disinfectant at Rococo restaurant as he treats and cleans the surfaces on Friday, May 15, 2020, in Oklahoma City, Okla. Barnes turned his grease traps cleaning service to a COVID-19 deep-cleaning service, that includes disinfectant spay, clean-up and UV ray treatment, to contribute to the pandemic response and keep his employees paid.Ivanka Trump, first daughter and adviser to President Donald Trump, adjusts her mask after a tour at the distribution center of Coastal Sunbelt Produce May 15, 2020 in Laurel, Maryland.Shandrika Pritchett with the Walton County Health Department administers a COVID-19 test at a drive-thru testing station set up at the Van R Butler Elementary School on May 14 in South Walton County, Fla.Hollywood police officers monitor activity along the Hollywood Beach Broadwalk during the new coronavirus pandemic, Wednesday, May 13, 2020, in Hollywood, Fla.People wait in line as members of the US Army National Guard hand out food and other essentials for people in need at a food pantry in the Brooklyn borough of New York City on May 13, 2020.The United States Navy Blue Angels fly over Chicago outside of Northwestern Memorial Hospital to honor healthcare workers and all those affected by COVID-19, May 12, 2020.Lee Moore of White Plains, N.Y. picks out Mother's Day roses at Sunshine Market in White Plains May 10, 2020. Moore was buying roses for her mother, mother-in-law, and a friend, all of which she said would be delivered while practicing social distancing, including just leaving the roses for her friend on her doorstep.A woman dressed in a former New England Patriots' Tom Brady jersey, waits in line at a food distribution site, Saturday, May 9, 2020, in Chelsea, Mass. The donated food was delivered to the site in the Patriots' team truck.Angela Hernandez has her hair washed at Kosmo Salon on Friday, May 8, 2020. Barbershops and nail salons reopened on Friday, May 8, 2020 as part of Texas Gov. Greg Abbott's plan to reopen after coronavirus closures.Battelle decontamination technicians Zachary Leiman, left, and Rod McCollum prepare to test a Battelle CCDS Critical Care Decontamination System on May 8, 2020 in Brighton, Colorado. The decontamination system can process up to 80,000 used N95 respirators per day using vapor phase hydrogen peroxide that kills coronavirus and allows masks to be reused 20 times without degradation.People affected by the coronavirus pandemic line up in their cars at Central Texas Food Bank drive-through food distribution at Del Valle High School in Austin, Texas, on Thursday May 7, 2020.  Hundreds received an emergency food box containing about 28 pounds of shelf stable food items.  Alice Mayes, 92, is visited by her family at Signature HealthCARE on May 6, 2020 in NewBurgh, Ind. The family, from left, Onya Rhoades, Lexi Rhoads, 3, Dylan Rhoades, 5, Kaitlyn Helmbrecht, 2, James Helmbrecht and Del Mayes were separated by a window glass on May 6, 2020 in Newburgh, Ind. The 92-year-old is a COVID-19 survivor.

Alice Mayes, 92, is visited by her family at Signature HealthCARE on May 6, 2020 in NewBurgh, Ind. The family, from left, Onya Rhoades, Lexi Rhoads, 3, Dylan Rhoades, 5, Kaitlyn Helmbrecht, 2, James Helmbrecht and Del Mayes were separated by a window glass on May 6, 2020 in Newburgh, Ind. The 92-year-old is a COVID-19 survivor. Denny Simmons, Evansville Courier & Press

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Members of the National Nurses United stand among 88 pairs of empty shoes representing nurses that they say have died from COVID-19 while demonstrating in Lafayette Park across from the White House May 7, 2020 in Washington, DC. The union is protesting during Nurses' Week to demand that their employers and the federal government 'provide safe workplaces by providing optimal personal protective equipment (PPE), safe staffing, presumptive eligibility for workers compensation benefits and more' during the novel coronavirus pandemic.Jurek Williamson, the owner of King’s Temple Barber Shop in Memphis, Tenn. cuts the hair of Dashawn Whiting, 16, on May 6, 2020, the first day he is able to reopen his shop during Phase 1 of the city’s plan to restart the economy after it was shuttered over fears stemming from spread of the coronavirus pandemic.  (Via OlyDrop)No need for social distancing on this day at the Whippy Dip ice cream stand in Erie, Pa. on May 5, 2020. Ed Beck, center, walks across the white X's placed six feet apart to help customers practice social distancing due to the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.With senators practicing social distancing Justin Walker testifies before a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on his nomination to be a U.S. circuit judge for the District of Columbia Circuit on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, May 6, 2020.A sign in a store window at Greenwood Park Mall in Greenwood, Ind., lets customers know they are still temporarily closed on Monday, May 4, 2020.  Lisa Ford, right, of Kyle, gets her temperature checked by Margaret Capulin before entering EVO Entertainment on Monday.  The movie theater in Kyle, Texas reopened Monday after Gov. Greg Abbott last week lifted the shelter in place order and allowed retail stores, restaurants and some other businesses to open to the public at no more than 25% capacity. The band Hypnotik performs out of a garage in a Northwest Oklahoma City neighborhood, for a social distance concert for neighbors, Saturday, May 2, 2020. The casket of  Paul Cary rests in the back of an Ambulnz ambulance at Newark International Airport where his body will be flown back to his home state of Colorado on May 3, 2020. Cary died of complications from COVID-19, he became sick while serving as a volunteer with Ambulnzís State of New York COVID Response team.Dozens donned masks along with scrubs and white coats as the Physicians Action Network held a public rally in support of Dr. Amy Acton at the Ohio Statehouse in downtown Columbus on Sunday, May 3, 2020. Doctors stood six feet apart, marked by lengths of rope, to highlight the value of social distancing during the COVID19 pandemic. The rally was a response to protestors of the state's Stay at Home orders who demonstrated outside Acton's home in Bexley on Saturday.A sign in the meat section of Smart and Final in Santa Clarita, Calif., warn customers of a limit on meat purchases May 3, 2020. Shelbi Daniels, left, Dawn Hamilton, center, and Heather Kahle, right, of Bliley Technologies hand out face shields free to the public May 2, 2020 at the Millcreek Township business. Bliley Technologies has been assembling and distributing the COVID-19 face shields that were designed at Penn State Behrend and paid for  by the Erie County Gaming Revenue Authority.Amid concerns of the spread of COVID-19, Curtis Sulcer wipes down an escalator for shoppers at the North Park Mall in Dallas, Saturday, May 2, 2020. Texas charged into its first weekend of re-opening the economy with residents allowed to go back to malls, restaurants, movie theaters and retail stores in limited numbers.Dressed as the Grim Reaper, Florida Attorney Daniel Uhlfelder talks with reporters after walking the newly opened beach near Destin, Fla on Friday, May 1, 2020. Uhlfelder was protesting the Walton County (Florida) Commission's decision to reopen the county's beaches in spite of the COVID-19 pandemic.  “In these circumstances, I can see no rational reason to open our beaches, effectively inviting tens of thousands of tourists back into our community” Uhlfelder said in a news release. “If by dressing up as the ‘Grim Reaper’ and walking our beaches I can make people think and potentially help save a life – that is the right thing to do.” Tymber Bryant, left, and Jackie Baker, with the  228 Theater Tactical Signal Brigade of the South Carolina National Guard in Spartanburg, place food in the car of Sterling Crawford of Abbeville, food from Second Harvest Food Bank of Metrolina at the Department of Social Services Abbeville County Government Buildings in Abbeville, S.C. on Friday, May 1, 2020. Donal Dickens, the Williamston Branch Manager of Second Harvest Food Bank of Metrolina said there was enough food for three days for 500 families who drove through, which ran out in two hours.United States Postal Service mail carrier Frank Colon, 59, delivers mail amid the coronavirus pandemic on April 30, 2020 in El Paso, Texas. Everyday the United States Postal Service  employees work and deliver essential mail to customers.Medical workers take in patients outside of a special coronavirus intake area at Maimonides Medical Center on May 01, 2020 in the Borough Park neighborhood of the Brooklyn borough of New York City. Hospitals in New York City, which have been especially hard hit by the coronavirus, are just beginning to see a downturn in COVID-19 cases. The U.S. Navy hospital ship USNS Comfort prepares to depart Manhattan's West Side to return to Naval Station Norfolk in Virginia on April 30, 2020 in New York City. The USNS Comfort, a floating hospital in the form of a Navy ship, is departing New York after the last patient aboard was discharged earlier this week. The Comfort's 1,000 beds and 12 operation rooms were deployed to ease pressure on New York hospitals amid the coronavirus pandemic.Pedestrians walk past a sign in front of the The Anthem, a popular live music venue, displaying a message of support amid the coronavirus pandemic, on April 29, 2020, in Washington, DC.Phoenix Fire Department engineer Jake Fierros, left, receives a free antibody test for the new coronavirus, administered by Phoenix Fire Department engineer paramedic Johnny Johnson at the Phoenix Fire Department training facility in Phoenix on April 28, 2020. Antibody tests, do not test for the presence of COVID-19 itself, but detect whether someone has the antibodies in their immune system to fight off the virus. Within ten minutes after taking the test that first responder was notified by phone if they tested positive. The tests available to all members of the Phoenix Fire Department were organized by the United Phoenix Firefighters Association.A person wears a mask to protect against the coronavirus,  votes in the Ohio primary election at the Hamilton County Board of Elections on Tuesday, April 28, 2020, in Norwood, a suburb of Cincinnati.A waiter at Gloria's Latin Cuisine in serves up lunch to patrons on the patio in Colleyville, Texas on April 27, 2020.Shelley Craft, owner of The Men's Refinery BarberSpa  gives a haircut to Kenneth Gregory at her salon in Augusta, Ga., Friday morning April 23, 2020. Barber Patrick Watkins of Jet Cuts & Styles finishes up a haircut on Darrell Stevens at the reopened barbershop in Athens, Ga, on Friday, April 24, 2020. The shop is one of the first non-essential businesses in Athens to open following Gov. Brian Kemp’s announcement to ease his COVID-19 emergency declaration. Pictures of the Crescent High School graduating class of 2020 are seen in downtown Crescent, Okla., Saturday, April 25, 2020. The pictures were hung to recognize the senior class that doesn't know what their graduation ceremony will look like. Vehicles line up to receive food during a donation drive by World Central Kitchen in the parking lot of the Camden Yards Sports Complex, Saturday, April 25, 2020, in Baltimore. World Central Kitchen conducted its food relief operation during the coronavirus outbreak to help relieve food insecurity faced by Baltimore's vulnerable communities, at the request of Governor Larry Hogan.Eric Jones, 15, bowls as his dad, Heath, watches in the backyard of their Oklahoma City home, Tuesday, April 21, 2020. Health and his son Eric built a bowling lane in their backyard so that Eric, a competitive bowler, could continue to bowl while bowling alleys are closed. Edwar Johnson works on making protective masks in Warren, Mich., Thursday, April 23, 2020. General Motors has about 400 workers at the now-closed transmission plant in suburban Detroit.Caskets of Muslims who have passed away from the coronavirus are prepared for burial at a busy Brooklyn funeral home on the first day of Ramadan on April 24, 2020 in New York. Like the majority of New York City funeral homes, services that deal with the dead in New York's Muslim communities have been overwhelmed with the large number of deceased. Around the world, Muslims are preparing to observe the holy month of Ramadan under severe restrictions caused by the coronavirus outbreak. New York City, which has been the hardest hit city in America from COVID-19, is starting to see a slowdown in hospital visits and a lowering of the daily death rate from the virus.Cars line up for food at the Utah Food Bank's mobile food pantry at the Maverik Center, Friday, April 24, 2020, in West Valley City, Utah. As coronavirus concerns continue, the need for assistance has increased, particularly at the Utah Food Bank.Fitness coordinator Janet Hollander, leads a session of Balcony Boogie from outside Willamette Oaks in Eugene, Oregon for residents sheltering in their apartments during the COVID-19 shutdown Tuesday April 21, 2020. The staff of the senior housing center have modified some of the regular routines for residents, staging activities like morning stretches and aerobic opportunities while still observing social distancing protocols.Sheila Parr and her daughters Violet Cann, left, 7, and Stella Cann, 5, donate food and toilet paper to the Little Free Library on Princeton Drive in Austin, Texas, on Tuesday April 21, 2020.  In response to the coronavirus pandemic, many of the book exchange boxes around the U.S. are being repurposed as sharing boxes with free food and toilet paper. The Paterson fire department COVID-19 EMS unit responds to a call for a person under investigation of having the coronavirus on April 16, 2020. Paterson has one of the highest coronavirus caseloads in N.J., with about 3,000 residents testing positive, according to New Jersey health officials. Fadia Joseph volunteers at a Central Texas Food Bank drive-through distribution at Del Valle High School in Austin, Texas, on April 20, 2020.  About 100 volunteers distributed nonperishable food and toiletries to thousands of people who have been affected by the coronavirus pandemic.People wait in line at a Central Texas Food Bank drive-through distribution at Del Valle High School in Austin, Texas, on April 20, 2020.  About 100 volunteers distributed nonperishable food and toiletries to thousands of people who have been affected by the coronavirus pandemic.Alma Cropper, 84, left, is given a coronavirus test near her vehicle at a walk-up testing center, April 20, 2020, in Annapolis, Md. According to the City of Annapolis Office of Emergency Management, the testing site began with a limited number of tests for people with symptoms on Monday.People wait in line for a coronavirus test at one of the new walk-in COVID-19 testing sites that opened at the located in the parking lot of NYC Health + Hospitals/Gotham Health Morrisania in the Bronx Section of New York on April 20, 2020.A deserted 42nd Street is seen in midtown New York on April 19, 2020 during the COVID-19, coronavirus epidemic.A woman wearing a face mask to protect herself from the coronavirus carries balloons for a birthday party  on April 18, 2020, in Arlington, Virginia.Delcia Dias (left) and Monica Dias celebrate the beaches opening on a limited basis during the coronavirus pandemic Friday, April 17, 2020 on Jacksonville Beach, Florida. The beaches are open from 6 a.m. to 11 a.m. and then 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. for activities such as walking, running, surfing, swimming, fishing and other activities. No sunbathing or sitting is allowed.A pedestrian uses a face cover while walking in downtown Durham, N.C., Friday, April 17, 2020. Gov. Roy Cooper's stay-home orders remain in effect as the coronavirus has not yet reached its peak in the state according to some hospitals.A mourner attends the funeral of Saul Sanchez, a longtime JBS employee that died of the coronavirus disease, at Sunset Memorial Cemetery in Greeley, Colo. on Apr 15, 2020.As masks became harder to get, hospitals began looking for ways to re-use them. Dan Cates demonstrates how used N95 masks will be placed onto plastic racks to be sterilized by a robot utilizing ultraviolet light at Regions Hospital in St. Paul, Minn.Mike Lane, a gas station attendant, tries to protect himself the best way he can to avoid the coronavirus while working at a Sunoco in Ridgefield Park, N.J. on April 15, 2020.  NJ is the only state with full service gas in the country.To reduce the number of times a patient's room door is opened and the amount of personal protective equipment required, nurses in the intensive care unit of MedStar St. Mary's Hospital communicate through a window with an erasable whiteboard from a COVID-19 patient's room on April 14, 2020 in Leonardtown, Maryland.This trio finds ample room to walk through a Rochester, N.Y. neighborhood on April 14, 2020 while following social distancing protocols during the coronavirus pandemic.A woman gestures to a child in a protective face mask as a precaution against the coronavirus to pose for a photograph with the Rocky statue outfitted with mock surgical face mask at the Philadelphia Art Museum in Philadelphia, April 14, 2020.Finn, Thunder and Lego at the window of Ronald Boik visiting him as their owner Nicole George holds their leashes at the Cedar Woods Assisted Living in Belleville, Michigan on Saturday, April 11, 2020. Nicole and Tim George brought their three alpacas, Thunder, Finn and Lego to the nursing home to brighten up the day for some of the 110 residents that live there. Nozmi Elder, 70 of Dearborn and owner of Cedar Woods Assisted Living said most of the residents have been confined to their rooms for the past three weeks as precautions for the Coronavirus and thought the site of alpacas visiting them would lift their spirits.Lisa Chamblee buys produce at Concord Market in Anderson, S.C. April 9, 2020.  The market sells food and plants from local sources and is selling well according to the business.People wait in their cars Thursday, April 9, 2020, at Traders Village for the San Antonio Food Bank to begin food distribution. The need for emergency food aid has exploded in recent weeks due to the coronavirus epidemic.A man wearing a mask walks by St. John's United Methodist Church COVID-19 Cross of Hope in Anderson, S.C. on April 9, 2020. The cross with royal blue ribbons for each diagnosed person in South Carolina started when there were 450 cases, but as the cross was placed in front of the church Thursday morning, the cases in South Carolina are at 2,552 with 63 deaths. Sandra Cooley waves from her window to the Easter Bunny as he visits Crimson Village assisted living community Thursday, April 9, 2020. The bunny came from Amediysis, a home health, hospice care and personal care company that serves Crimson Village. The bunny stayed outside the building to ensure safety from COVID-19 exposure to the residents. United Airlines' Terminal C is nearly empty at Newark Liberty International Airport in Newark, N.J. on April 9, 2020. Rabbi Dean Shapiro (left) of Temple Emanuel in Tempe, angles his laptop so others online can see their Seder plate as Shapiro's partner, Haim Ainsworth and their son, Jacob Shapiro-Ainsworth, 11, look on, as they participate in an online Seder during the first night of the Jewish holiday of Passover at their home in Tempe on April 8, 2020. The Seder which included members from Temple Emanuel was being held online because of the coronavirus pandemic.First Responders gathered outside of Northern Westchester Hospital in Mount Kisco, N.Y. on April 8, 2020, to applaud the doctors, nurses and staff for the hard work they are doing during the coronavirus pandemic.Nurses in the emergency department of MedStar St. Mary's Hospital don personal protective equipment before entering the room of a patient suspected of having coronavirus April 8 in Leonardtown, Md.A whimsical display fashioned like giant high-demand toilet paper rolls draws attention to Hub City Smokehouse's curbside service on Main Street in historic downtown Crestview, Fla. on April 7, 2020.A woman looks for a director after voting at Riverside High School in Milwaukee on April 7, 2020. The Wisconsin primary is moving forward in the wake of the coronavirus epidemic after Gov. Tony Evers sought to shut down Tuesday's election in a historic move Monday that was swiftly rejected by the conservative majority of the Wisconsin Supreme Court by the end of the day.In Austin, Texas, on April 6, 2020.Austin High School seniors and best friends, clockwise from top left, Brooke Peterman, 17, Maddy McCutchin, 18, Lucia Saenz, 17, Reese Simek, 18, and Lily Tickle, 18, visit with each other in the parking lot at the school in Austin, Texas, on Sunday April 5, 2020.   In the midst of a shelter in place order due to the coronavirus pandemic, the girls sat in the back of their cars to chat at a safe distance.

Austin High School seniors and best friends, clockwise from top left, Brooke Peterman, 17, Maddy McCutchin, 18, Lucia Saenz, 17, Reese Simek, 18, and Lily Tickle, 18, visit with each other in the parking lot at the school in Austin, Texas, on Sunday April 5, 2020. In the midst of a shelter in place order due to the coronavirus pandemic, the girls sat in the back of their cars to chat at a safe distance. Jay Janner, Austin American-Statesman / USA TODAY Network

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A customer leaves Vagabond Coffee on Edgewood Avenue with his takeout order as the marque on the Murray Hill Theater offered positive words in light of the closings around Jacksonville, Fla and the rest of the country in the effort to slow down the spread of the coronavirus Saturday, April 4, 2020. Over 3,000 vehicles made their way to the parking lot of Nelson Field at Reagan Early College High School in northeast Austin to pick up to a 30-pound box of food April 4, 2020. President and CEO of Central Texas Food Bank in Austin, Texas. Becky Kops, right, uses a picker to hand her friend, Dajen Bohachek, a present as friends of Bohachek, of Bayside, held a social distance drive by birthday party for her during the coronavirus to celebrate her 44th birthday in Bayside, Wis. on Friday, April 3, 2020. The group decorated their vehicles at the Fox Point Village Hall before heading to Bohachek’s home to celebrate from the road. The stay at home order and the necessity to stay socially distant from each other has inspired creative ways for people to connect. An Arlington County employee speaks with a woman  at a drive-thru donation point created to collect unused and unopened personal protective equipment, cleaning supplies and some food items to help people responding to the coronavirus, COVID-19, pandemic, in Arlington, Virginia on April 3, 2020.Lorena Dominguez, a campus operations specialist at the IDEA Rundberg charter school in Austin, Texas, teaches math to kindergartener Reighan Holzkamp, 6, on Wednesday April 1, 2020.  Ten children of first responders and essential workers are being taught at the school amid the coronavirus pandemic. The beach in Walton County, Fla sits nearly empty on March 31, 2020 following a mandated closure by the Walton County Commission. A body wrapped in plastic is prepared to be loaded onto a refrigerated container truck used as a temporary morgue by medical workers due to COVID-19 concerns, March 31, 2020, at Brooklyn Hospital Center in the Brooklyn borough of New York. The Oculus Transportation Hub at the World Trade Center in Manhattan was all but empty March 30, 2020 as the stores that ring the site are closed due to the COVID-19 pandemic.State Rep. Vincent Pierre, D-Dist. 44, wears gloves as he holds his hand to his heart for the Pledge of Allegiance, as legislators convene in a limited number while exercising social distancing, due to the new coronavirus pandemic, at the State Capitol in Baton Rouge, La.,  March 31, 2020. They assembled briefly on the last day bills could be introduced during the legislative session.Medical personnel take people out of the Gallatin Center for Rehabilitation and Healing on Monday, March 30, 2020, in Gallatin Tenn. As of Sunday, 74 residents and 33 staff members at the facility has tested positive for COVID-19, according to a spokesperson for Gov. Bill Lee.  People prepare places to sleep in area marked by painted boxes on the ground of a parking lot at a makeshift camp for the homeless, March 30, 2020, in Las Vegas. Officials opened part of a parking lot as a makeshift homeless shelter after a local shelter closed when a man staying there tested positive for the coronavirus.A postal service carrier dons gloves as he delivers mail in  Jackson, Miss., March 30, 2020.Workers set up a camp in front of Mount Sinai West Hospital inside Central Park on March 29, 2020 in New York City.

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Coronavirus updates: CDC advisory committee recommends Moderna vaccine; UK imposes tough lockdowns due to possible new strain

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LIVE UPDATES: Moderna gets the green light: FDA formally grants emergency approval for second coronavirus vacc

LIVE UPDATES: Moderna gets the green light: FDA formally grants emergency approval for second coronavirus vacc

The Food and Drug Administration issued an emergency authorization Friday for a second coronavirus vaccine produced by Moderna for people ages 18 and younger, the agency said Friday. 

An independent advisory panel to the FDA voted to endorse Moderna’s shot Thursday. The U.S. surpassed 17 million total cases on Thursday, according to Johns Hopkins University.

“With the availability of two vaccines now for the prevention of COVID-19, the FDA has taken another crucial step in the fight against this global pandemic that is causing vast numbers of hospitalizations and deaths in the United States each day,” said FDA Commissioner Stephen M. Hahn. “Through the FDA’s open and transparent scientific review process, two COVID-19 vaccines have been authorized in an expedited timeframe while adhering to the rigorous standards for safety, effectiveness, and manufacturing quality needed to support emergency use authorization that the American people have come to expect from the FDA.”

    FDA advisory panel vote to endorse Moderna vaccine Thursday was 20-0. One committee member abstained. 

    Committee members voted to endorse the vaccine’s use in individuals ages 18 and older, while Pfizer received emergency approval last week for those ages 16 and up.

Vice President Mike Pence, his wife and U.S. Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams all rolled their sleeves Friday morning and received the recently approved Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine on live television. 

The vaccinations were administered following a breaking report from top officials at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration that the agency is “rapidly working” to approve Moderna’s COVID-19 vaccine.

Follow below for the latest updates on the coronavirus pandemic. Mobile users click here.


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COVID-19 vaccine timeline: When will they be distributed and how?

COVID-19 vaccine timeline: When will they be distributed and how?

With the dark winter months looming, there’s one glimmer of hope in the fight against the COVID-19 crisis.

Two, to be exact.

Vaccine candidates from Pfizer and its German partner BioNTech, and from Moderna have shown to be 95 percent effective in ongoing trials.

The promising results have prompted both drugmakers to seek approval from the Food and Drug Administration for emergency use — with the shots expected to be distributed within 24 hours if given the green light.

But while federal health officials remain optimistic that help is on the way, the availability of vaccines doesn’t equate to an immediate cure to coronavirus.

Here is a realistic timeline of when an effective vaccine could be on tap for all Americans.

When will a vaccine be available?

Millions of doses of the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines should be available to certain groups by the end of December, according to Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar.

“We expect to have about 40 million doses of these two vaccines available for distribution pending FDA authorization — enough to vaccinate about 20 million of our most vulnerable Americans,” Azar said at a Nov. 18 press briefing. “And production of course would continue to ramp up after that.”

Globally, Pfizer has said it could have 50 million doses by year’s end.

A different projection, according to information presented to the National Academy of Medicine in late November, said about 25 million doses could become available in the US in December, 30 million in January and 35 million more in February and March.

The Trump administration’s Operation Warp Speed has worked with states to determine how many doses they’ll need to cover the populations offered a vaccine first.

Azar said once the FDA gives the green light, millions of doses will be shipped within the first 24 hours.

“So my message is hope and help are on the way,” he said.

Emergency approval from the FDA, however, is not the same as full approval, meaning anyone who gets the shot will receive a “fact sheet” listing the potential benefits and risks as the studies continue, Dr. Marion Gruber told the Associated Press.

How will vaccines be distributed and who will get them first?

Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices will have the final say on who gets first dibs, and Azar has said the initial batch of vaccinations will go to the “most vulnerable Americans” first.

That committee is following guidance from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, which advises divvying up the vaccine distribution in phases.

The first phase includes front-line health workers and first responders, people with underlying conditions that put them at high risk of serious illness, and adults age 65 and older living in overcrowded settings, including nursing homes, homeless shelters, prisons, jails and long-term health care facilities.

Phase one makes up about 15 percent of the US population.

Phase two encompasses K-12 teachers, school staff, child care workers, people with underlying conditions that put them at moderately higher risk, public transit workers, those in the food supply system, and those in homeless shelters or group homes, and prison and jail inmates, as well as staffers there. These groups make up about 30 to 35 percent of the population.

Phase three — which covers about 40 to 45 percent of Americans — includes young adults, children and workers in industries such as hotels, banks, higher education, gyms and factories. However, the guidance says immunization of children will depend on safety testing.

All other Americans not included in the first three phases are covered in phase four.

Dr. Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert, said average, healthy Americans could expect to get their first doses as early as April and through July, he told USA Today.

How much will the vaccines cost?

The federal government, which has a $1.95 billion contract to buy millions of Pfizer-BioNTech doses, as well those from other successful candidates, has promised the shots will be free.

That said, Pfizer-BioNTech has set an initial price at $19.50 a dose, while Moderna, which has a $1.5 billion contract for 100 million doses, will cost taxpayers $25 a dose, Forbes reported.

Two doses three weeks apart are needed for full immunization.

Will a vaccine offer complete protection against COVID-19?

Immunization may keep you from getting severely ill but “won’t necessarily prevent you from getting infected,” Fauci said.

“The issue is that you’re not going to be completely protected against a degree of infection that you might not even notice that you might be able to spread to others,” the top doc said in a virtual chat with the Hastings Center.

“Which is the reason why the message you may have heard me say over the last couple weeks in the media is that getting vaccinated with a highly efficacious vaccine does not mean that you’re going to abandon completely public health measures.”

It will also take time to build up herd immunity, when a large portion of a population becomes immune to a disease, through vaccination — and that’s only if enough people decide to get jabbed.

A poll in August found that 35 percent of respondents said they won’t get a coronavirus vaccine when one becomes available.

But if most of the US is vaccinated by summer and fall, Fauci said we can then look toward getting back to normal.

“Then you can start talking about this umbrella or blanket of protection on society that would diminish dramatically the risk of a person being exposed or even being infected,” he told USA Today. “When so many people are protected, that’s when you get into the real herd immunity.”

How long does it typically take to develop a vaccine?

Outside of the backdrop of a deadly pandemic, vaccines typically take more than 10 years to develop, according to the British health charity Wellcome Trust.

The first two to five years is usually dominated by discovery research, which includes the development of up to 100 potential vaccines, according to the charity.

The preclinical phase then takes about two years to complete, in which about 20 vaccine candidates are moved to the next round.

Phase three is when human trials are conducted and could take between 5 and 9 years as scientists figure out if the vaccine is safe, activates an immune response and protects against the disease.

The final phase, which is seeking regulatory review and approval, can typically take about one to two years.

The race for a COVID-19 vaccine is charging along at warp speed, however, scientists also aren’t starting from scratch, according to the Mayo Clinic.

Past research on severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) vaccines gave drugmakers a leg-up in determining potential approaches when vaccine development started earlier this year, the medical center said.

In the early twentieth century, it took scientists about 19 years to develop an effective vaccine for yellow fever, Business Insider reported.

The chickenpox vaccine took 28 years to develop and the polio vaccine took six years, according to William Petri, an infectious diseases specialist at the University of Virginia, writing in The Conversation.

For the measles vaccine, the virus was first isolated in 1954 but an effective immunization — which treated measles, mumps and rubella — didn’t come out until 1971, according to the History of Vaccines, which is linked on the CDC’s website.

The mumps vaccine — which was developed in four years by pharmaceutical company Merck — was the fastest to be approved for human use, according to the Washington Post.

With Post wires


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December 19 coronavirus news

December 19 coronavirus news

Syringes and vials of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine are prepared to be administered to front-line health care workers in Reno, Nevada, on December 17.Syringes and vials of the Pfizer-BioNTech Covid-19 vaccine are prepared to be administered to front-line health care workers in Reno, Nevada, on December 17. Patrick T. Fallon/AFP/Getty Images

US Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams on Saturday encouraged the public to get educated about Covid-19 vaccines.

“We all have more information on these vaccines, at the point of administering them to the public, than we’ve had for any vaccine in history,” Adams said during a news conference hosted by Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine.

Adams said he got vaccinated publicly to help instill trust in Covid-19 vaccines.

“My arm feels fine. It’s a little bit sore, but no more sore than when I had the flu shot. I didn’t have any side effects at all,” Adams said, noting that it is normal for people to experience a low fever, headache or fatigue after receiving the vaccine.

Adams encouraged the public to seek out information about the vaccines.

“It’s okay to have questions. It’s okay to ask questions,” he said. “What is not okay is to let misinformation or mistrust cause you to make a decision which is going to be bad for your health, or your family’s health, or your community’s health.”

“This vaccine is almost 100% certain to prevent you or your loved one from getting severe disease,” Adams added. “It is the way we end this pandemic.”

A large effort: The US is leveraging every bit of authority and power it has to produce Covid-19 vaccines, Adams said. 

“I can tell you, with every degree of certainty from being on the Coronavirus Task Force, that we are doing everything we can to produce these vaccines as quickly as possible,” Adams said during a news conference hosted by Ohio Gov. Mike DeWine.

Adams said the US is on track to have 20 million vaccine doses by the end of December; 50 million by the end of January and 100 million by the end of February.

“That is half of the adult US population,” Adams noted.

He added that he’s more concerned about vaccine confidence than he is about vaccine supply.

“We’ve got to go from vaccines to vaccinations,” Adams said.

 


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